Scholarly article on topic 'Elimination of Gossypol in Cottonseed will Improve its Utilization'

Elimination of Gossypol in Cottonseed will Improve its Utilization Academic research paper on "Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries"

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Procedia Environmental Sciences
OECD Field of science
Keywords
{cottonseed / protein / gossypol}

Abstract of research paper on Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, author of scientific article — Thomas Wedegaertner, Keerti Rathore

Abstract Gossypol, a naturally occurring terpenoid found in pigment glands located throughout the cotton plant, is an effective insect deterrent, but is also a cumulative toxin in simple-stomached animals. Plant biotechnology utilizing RNAi was used to create a plant that has no gossypol in the seed while retaining gossypol in all other plant tissues to prevent predation. Since cotton is drought and heat tolerant, it is well suited to serve as a source of both food and fiber as climate change puts other crops in jeopardy. Agrobacterium transformation was used to insert into the cotton nuclear genome a construct containing a seed specific promoter driving an RNAi hairpin that suppresses delta-cadinene synthase. This enzyme plays a critical role early in building gossypol. This biotechnology-based proof of concept provides strong evidence that it is possible to produce a plant that retains its natural defense mechanism in the non-seed tissues while producing a drought and heat tolerant source of protein in the gossypol-free cottonseed. The presence of Gossypol in cotton seed means all the protein produced by the cotton plant is relegated to ruminant feed and (in miniscule amounts) aquacultre. Recent research demonstrates 100% replacement of fishmeal with Ultra-Low Gossypol Cottonseed (ULGCS) in the feeds of several aquaculture species without a decrease in performance. Each year about 10-11 million metric tons of cottonseed protein are produced worldwide. Without gossypol, this is enough protein to satisfy the daily, basic protein needs (50 grams/person) of more than 600 million people for one year. Food scientists have also created a wide range of food products from ULGCS, including hummus, plant-based dairy substitutes, a peanut butter alternative and protein fortified beverages. Elimination of gossypol in cottonseed could greatly improve utilization of this valuable protein resource for global food and fiber security as we move into an era of uncertain climate conditions.

Academic research paper on topic "Elimination of Gossypol in Cottonseed will Improve its Utilization"

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Procedia Environmental Sciences 29 (2015) 124- 125

Agriculture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015)

Elimination of gossypol in cottonseed will improve its utilization

Thomas Wedegaertnera, Keerti Rathoreb

aCotton Incorporated,6399 Weston Parkway,Cary, NC 27513, USA

bTexas A&M University, 2123 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, USA

Abstract

Gossypol, a naturally occurring terpenoid found in pigment glands located throughout the cotton plant, is an effective insect deterrent, but is also a cumulative toxin in simple-stomached animals. Plant biotechnology utilizing RNAi was used to create a plant that has no gossypol in the seed while retaining gossypol in all other plant tissues to prevent predation. Since cotton is drought and heat tolerant, it is well suited to serve as a source of both food and fiber as climate change puts other crops in jeopardy.

Agrobacterium transformation was used to insert into the cotton nuclear genome a construct containing a seed specific promoter driving an RNAi hairpin that suppresses delta-cadinene synthase. This enzyme plays a critical role early in building gossypol. This biotechnology-based proof of concept provides strong evidence that it is possible to produce a plant that retains its natural defense mechanism in the non-seed tissues while producing a drought and heat tolerant source of protein in the gossypol-free cottonseed.

The presence of Gossypol in cotton seed means all the protein produced by the cotton plant is relegated to ruminant feed and (in miniscule amounts) aquacultre. Recent research demonstrates 100% replacement of fishmeal with Ultra-Low Gossypol Cottonseed (ULGCS) in the feeds of several aquaculture species without a decrease in performance.

Each year about 10-11 million metric tons of cottonseed protein are produced worldwide. Without gossypol, this is enough protein to satisfy the daily, basic protein needs (50 grams/person) of more than 600 million people for one year. Food scientists have also created a wide range of food products from ULGCS, including hummus, plant-based dairy substitutes, a peanut butter alternative and protein fortified beverages. Elimination of gossypol in cottonseed could greatly improve utilization of this valuable protein resource for global food and fiber security as we move into an era of uncertain climate conditions.

© 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.Org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of the Agriculture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015)

1878-0296 © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.Org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of the Agriculture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased

Uncertainty (AGRI 2015)

doi:10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.212

Thomas Wedegaertner and Keerti Rathore / Procedia Environmental Sciences 29 (2015) 124 - 125

Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of the Agriculture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015).

Keywords: cottonseed, protein, gossypol

References