Scholarly article on topic '2037 Delayed contrast enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging IN trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy'

2037 Delayed contrast enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging IN trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy Academic research paper on "Medical engineering"

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Academic research paper on topic "2037 Delayed contrast enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging IN trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy"

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic

ReSOnanCe BioMed Central

Open Access

Meeting abstract

2037 Delayed contrast enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance imaging IN trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy

Davinder S Jassal*1, Nazanin Fallah-Rad2'3, Matthew Lytwyn2, Tielan Fang2 and Iain Kirkpatrick4

Address: 1St. Boniface General Hospital, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, 2Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences,, St. Boniface General Hospital, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, 3University of Manitoba, Wininpeg, MB, Canada and 4Department of Radiology, St. Boniface General Hospital, Winnipeg, MB, Canada * Corresponding author

from 11th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions Los Angeles, CA, USA. 1-3 February 2008

Published: 22 October 2008

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2008, 10(Suppl l):A306 doi:l0.ll 86/ I532-429X-I0-SI-A306

This abstract is available from: http://jcmr-online.com/content/I0/SI/A306 © 2008 Jassal et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Background

Trastuzumab (Herceptin), an antagonist to the human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) receptor, significantly decreases the rates of breast cancer recurrence and mortality by 50%. Despite therapeutic benefits, the risk of cardi-otoxicity with Trastuzumab ranges from 10-15% when administered in combination with anthracyline therapy. Although serial multiple gated acquisition scans are widely used to monitor cardiac dysfunction in breast cancer patients, cardiac MRI (CMR) is becoming the gold standard for the non-invasive assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction in dilated cardiomyopathies.

Objective

To describe the utility of CMR in the assessment of Trastu-zumab induced cardiomyopathy.

Methods

Between 2005-2006 inclusive, 160 breast cancer patients who received Trastuzamab in addition to anthracyline based adjuvant therapy were identified at a tertiary care oncology centre. Of the total population, 20 patients were identified with Trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy based on LV ejection fraction (EF) less than 40% on either serial MUGA or echocardiography. Cardiac MRI was performed on all 20 patients using a 1.5 T scanner to determine LV volumes and systolic function. Delayed-enhancement inversion recovery CMR (DE-CMR) was

performed after 10 minutes of 0.2 mmol/kg injection of Gadolinium in all patients to assess scar formation.

Results

The total population included 20 patients (mean age 42 ± 12 years, range 30 to 64 years). At the time of diagnosis of Trastuzumab induced cardiomyopathy, the LV cavities were dilated with moderate to severe global LV systolic dysfunction on CMR. The mean LVEF was 29 ± 4%. Sub-epicardial linear delayed enhancement was present in the lateral portion of the left ventricles in all 20 patients suggesting the presence of Trastuzumab induced myocarditis (Figure 1).

Conclusion

DE-CMR is a novel way of detecting early changes in the myocardium due to Trastuzumab induced cardiotoxicity. Future studies are required to validate identification of positive delayed enhancement using CMR as a subclinical marker for future LV dysfunction in this select population.

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2008, 10(Suppl 1):A306

http://jcmr-online.com/content/10/S1/A306

Figure 1

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