Scholarly article on topic 'The Achievement of Program Outcomes from the Perspective of CSED, UKM Final Year Students: Part II-Session 2006/2007'

The Achievement of Program Outcomes from the Perspective of CSED, UKM Final Year Students: Part II-Session 2006/2007 Academic research paper on "Educational sciences"

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{"Outcome Based Learning (OBL)" / "Programme Outcomes (PO)" / "Exit Survey" / "Continuos Quality Improvement (CQI)"}

Abstract of research paper on Educational sciences, author of scientific article — Azrul A. Mutalib, Khairul Nizam Abd. Maulud, Nur Izzi Mohd. Yusuff, Riza A.A. Rahmat, Zamri Chik

Abstract An exit survey aspects of the program outcomes (PO) based on outcome-based education (OBE) approach from the perceptions of final year students of Civil and Structural Engineering Program and Civil and Environmental Engineering Program 2006/2007 session was conducted by the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering (CSED), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi. The survey was first conducted at the departmental level in the 2005/2006 session. It aims to seek views and perceptions of achievement of each PO from the student's own perceptions compared with the assessment made by the lecturers. By measuring the perception of final year students, continuous quality improvement (CQI) can be done. This is important to the process of accreditation programs in the CSED. This paper contains a survey on methodology and findings of the study analysis. Comparison across gender, academic achievement and programs are carried out to see the difference on the performance pattern of PO from these aspects. The survey found that the performance of PO from the perception of students is good and there was an increment from the previous session.

Academic research paper on topic "The Achievement of Program Outcomes from the Perspective of CSED, UKM Final Year Students: Part II-Session 2006/2007"

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 60 (2012) 350 - 357 ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

UKM Teaching and Learning Congress 2011

The Achievement of Program Outcomes from the Perspective of CSED, UKM Final Year Students: Part II-Session 2006/2007

Azrul A. Mutalib*, Khairul Nizam Abd. Maulud, Nur Izzi Mohd. Yusuff, Riza A. A.

Rahmat and Zamri Chik

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Abstract

An exit survey aspects of the program outcomes (PO) based on outcome-based education (OBE) approach from the perceptions of final year students of Civil and Structural Engineering Program and Civil and Environmental Engineering Program 2006/2007 session was conducted by the Department of Civil and Structural Engineering (CSED), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi. The survey was first conducted at the departmental level in the 2005/2006 session. It aims to seek views and perceptions of achievement of each PO from the student's own perceptions compared with the assessment made by the lecturers. By measuring the perception of final year students, continuous quality improvement (CQI) can be done. This is important to the process of accreditation programs in the CSED. This paper contains a survey on methodology and findings of the study analysis. Comparison across gender, academic achievement and programs are carried out to see the difference on the performance pattern of PO from these aspects. The survey found that the performance of PO from the perception of students is good and there was an increment from the previous session.

© 2011Publishedby Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/orpeer reviewedunderresponsibility of the UKMTeachingand LearningCongress 2011

Keywords: Outcome Based Learning (OBL); Programme Outcomes (PO); Exit Survey; Continuos Quality Improvement (CQI)

1. Introduction

In the Civil & Structural Engineering Department (CSED), Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, UKM, efforts to carry out the outcome-based education (OBE) system began in the 2004/2005 session. Thus, the CSED has taken the initiative to make direct measurements by evaluation of lecturers and indirect measurement by holding out the student's survey last year. The exit survey or exit interview is one of the important features of effective assessment at the program-level (Besterfield-Sacre et al., 2000) even though there are weaknesses of this assessment tools (Nichols, 1995). The survey began in the 2005/2006 session and this activity will be done every year. This is to obtain responses from former students who have been exposed to the aspects of OBE system performance compared to programme outcomes (PO) measurement and evaluation that was done by the lecturers in the courses that were

* Corresponding author. Tel.: +6-03-8921-6212; fax: +6-03-8921-6417. E-mail address: rul@eng.ukm.my.

ELSEVIER

1877-0428 © 2011 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer reviewed under responsibility of the UKM Teaching and Learning Congress 2011 doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.390

offered. Comparisons across programs, gender and academic achievement were carried out to see the trend of differences in the perception of competency in PO.

The objective of this paper is to explain the findings of the survey which was carried out. The result of this survey consists of three parts as follows:

(a) findings about the plans after graduating,

(b) findings of 12 aspects of performance results of the program, and

(c) the findings of recommendations to improve the existing education system

2. Methodology

In an effort to ensure educational quality improvement based on continuous OBE approach, surveys of student perceptions was conducted. Survey forms were distributed to all final year students during the presentation of the final CSED Academic Project II by the supervisor of the students. However, not all survey forms returned. Survey collection systems that are more systematic should be established so that the total assessments of the overall are nearly accurate to the number of students that completed their study.

Survey form for the session 2006/2007 has been prepared and evaluated by the OBE, Department of Civil and Structural Engineering. It consists of three parts: In the first part of this survey consist of information about plans after graduation. This is to investigate either the students tend to pursue a career in the future. In the second part of the survey are the aspects of educational performance throughout the four years of study at UKM. This information will be collected in the second part of the survey. It consists of 12 learning outcomes related to knowledge, skills, and attitudes the program graduates should have (Felder & Brent, 2003) and students are required to complete the perceptions of achievement according to the 'likert scale'. The third part of the survey asks students to provide suggestions or recommendations for improving the courses offered during the study.

Feedback data are analyzed using the methodology of the survey based on the average index formula (Al-Hazmi, et al. 1987).

Mean Index = y, aixi

where, ai = weights for each factor of the frequency of respondents

xi = number of respondents

The results and the average score for each PA is shown in the distribution analysis and classified according to scale. Abd. Majid, et al. (1997) as described in Table 1.

Table 1. Average rate index ranking scale

Average Index (AI) Result Description

0.00 < IP < 1.50 None/Very weak PO performance is weak and unsatisfactory, and requires the effort to be efficient immediately

1.50 < IP < 2.50 Less Frequent/weak PO performance is weak and need effort to be efficient.

2.50 < IP < 3.50 Moderate/Moderate PO is just at satisfactory level and need of more effort accordingly.

3.50 < IP < 4.50 Frequent/Good PO performance is good.

4.50 < IP < 5.00 More Frequent/Excellent PO performance is excellent

3. Respondent's Profile

A total of 60 survey form has been successfully returned. Respondents were 71.7% of the students from Civil & Structural (C&S) program and 28.3% of students from Civil & Environmental Engineering (C&E) program, 58.3% of male and 41.7% female and 54.2% of students with academic achievement over a CGPA of 3 and 45.8% of students with academic achievement that is less than or equal CGPA of 2.99. Here is the background of the respondent: (a) fourth year students 2006/2007 session, (b) the second group of students exposed to the OBE and (c) measurement and evaluation of PO has been done by the lecturer for many courses including Academic Project I (KH4203) and Academic Project II (KH4213) at the CSED.

4. Result of the Exit Survey for 2005/2006 Session

Exit surveys have been carried out for 4th year students in the 2005/2006 session. From the survey conducted, PO shows a good perception performance except for PO5, that is 3.39. P010 shows the highest achievement of 4.08. A survey feedback as shown in Figure 1 would be the hypothesis to be compared with feedback results for the 2006/2007 session.

4.0--—- -

3.5 — - - - - - - - - - - -

3.0 — - - - - - - - - - - - -

2.5 — - - - - - - - - - - - -

2.0 — - - - - - - - - - - - -

1.5— - - - - - - - - - - - -

1.0— - - - - - - - - - - - -

0.5 — - - - - - - - - - - - -

0.0 -U——,—I——,———,—I——,—I——,———,———,—I—L-,-1—L,J—LJ—L,J—

PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 P010 PO11 PO12 Programme Outcomes

Figure 1. Perception on PO performance by 4 year students session 2005/2006

5. Result of the Exit Survey for 2006/2007 Session

5.1. Post-graduation Planning

For this session the percentage of students who want to work after graduating increased by 5% from 93% in the previous session. This shows that students prefer to work compared to 2% of students that want to continue their studies. This may be driven by current economic developments and the effects of OBE which makes the students more confidence to pursue employment. This trend is shown in Figure 2.

Employment sectors are categorized as government sector, private sector, such as consulting firms, contractors and developers, academic firm and others. Students preferred sectors is shown in Figure 3. As it turns out that the consultation is still the most preferred choice as the previous session. The majority of students in this session tend to

select the consultants firm and contractors firm, an increase from 37% to 46% for consulting firms and 26% for contractors firm.

Figure 2. Plant after graduation

Figure 3. Sector of choice to work

5.2. Aspect of Achievement of 12 POs

In part II of the survey form, students are required to fill in aspects of performance 12 POs (Table 2) after being introduced by the OBE since 2004/2005 session. Method 'likert scale' has also been used to assess aspects of this performance.

Performance position of PO is shown in Table 3. Comparisons across programs, gender and academic achievement are shown in order to see variations in the classification. From Table 3 (a), 3 (b) and 3 (c) it can be concluded that the highest achievement are PO10 and PO7, while PO5, PO12, and PO4 achieved the lowest.

Table 2. Aspect of achievement of 12 program outcomes

" , Learning Outcomes Description

Outcomes

PO1 Possess the ability to acquire and apply knowledge of the fundamentals of science

and engineering

PO2 Able to communicate effectively in technical and non-technical community

PO3 Posses the technical expertise in civil and structural engineering

PO4 Able to identify problems and solution to the problem using modern tools of

engineering

PO5 Ability to apply a systemic approach in the design of civil engineering infrastructure

and evaluate the economic feasibility of the project

PO6 Posses the ability to work effectively as individuals and in groups with the ability to

be a leader or manager, as well as an effective team member

PO7 Understand the professional engineering and ethical responsibility in the context of

social, cultural and environmental as well as the need for sustainable development

PO8 Posses the understanding of the need to undertake lifelong learning, and have / try to

gain the capacity to do so

PO9 Posses the ability to design and conduct experiments, and able to analyze and

interpret data

POIO Able to work in multidisciplinary teams

PO11 Posses knowledge of current issues relating to civil and structural engineering

PO12 Understand the elements of the construction project management, asset management,

public policy, administration, business and entrepreneurship

Azrul A. Mutalib et al. /Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 60 (2012) 350 - 357 Table 3. PO performance from the perception of the position of students (a) Program C & S and C & E program,

(b) Male and female students, and (c) a CGPA> 3 and <2.99

PO10 4.3

PO7 4.2

PO6 3.9

PO8 3.8

PO2 3.8

PO3 3.8

PO9 3.6

PO11 3.6

PO5 3.6

PO4 3.6

PO12 3.6

Male Student

PO10 4.4

PO7 4.2

PO3 3.9

PO6 3.9

PO8 3.9

PO11 3.8

PO2 3.8

PO4 3.7

PO9 3.7

PO12 3.7

PO5 3.7

PNGK > 3

PO10 4.3

PO7 4.3

PO6 4.1

PO1 4.1

PO8 3.9

PO3 3.8

PO9 3.8

PO4 3.7

PO5 3.7

PO11 3.7

PO12 3.7

PO7 3.9

PO10 3.9

PO2 3.9

PO8 3.9

PO11 3.8

PO12 3.8

PO1 3.8

PO3 3.7

PO6 3.7

PO9 3.7

PO4 3.5

PO5 3.5

Female Student

PO10 3.9

PO2 3.8

PO6 3.8

PO8 3.8

PO1 3.8

PO12 3.6

PO3 3.5

PO9 3.5

PO11 3.4

PO5 3.4

PO4 3.2

PNGK < 2.99

PO10 4.1

PO1 3.7

PO8 3.7

PO3 3.7

PO2 3.7

PO11 3.6

PO6 3.6

PO12 3.6

PO9 3.5

PO5 3.4

PO4 3.3

In Table 4, for PO overall perception of performance is good except the PO5 that record medium findings. This perception is similar to the perception in the last session of the P010 is the highest and PO5 is the lowest. Further action should be done by putting more effort on any department or faculty course primarily concerned with P05.

Table 4. The position of PO's overall achievement from students' perceptions

Overall

P010 4.1 Good

PO7 4.0 Good

PO8 3.9 Good

PO1 3.9 Good

PO2 3.9 Good

PO6 3.9 Good

PO9 3.9 Good

PO3 3.8 Good

PO11 3.7 Good

PO12 3.6 Good

PO4 3.6 Good

P05 3.3 Average

Figure 4 displays PO achievement comparison between survey feedback from student's perception session 2006 / 2007 with a study hypothesis from survey feedback of student's perception session 2005 / 2006. From comparison in Table 4, it show that the graph distribution that is nearly identical. This shows that student's perception for both sessions is the same on learning outcome achievement throughout the period they disclosed with OBE system. For both sessions, P010 recorded the highest achievement perception and PO5 record the lowest decision. Looking at the overall achievement PO between survey feedbacks from session 2005 / 2006 and 2006 / 2007, both PO was clear and these perceptions are acceptable.

00 50 00 50 00 50 00 50 00 50 00

□ Session 2006/2007

□ Session 2005/2006

PO 1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 P010 PO11 PO12 Program outcomes

Figure 4. A comparison of PO between 2006/2007 session survey and a 2005/2006 session survey

5.3. Suggestions and Recommendations

Part III asks students to suggest important matters that should be emphasized to improve the courses available. Several proposals have been recommended by the student based on the responses to their needs before they are involved in the industry. As it turns out the recommendations given are almost the same as last session. Here are the recommendations proposed by the students according to the recommendations of the most; Proposal 1: More practical training such as 'Capstone Project' Proposal 2: Industrial training is extended to six months Proposal 3: Industrial visit starting from year one. Proposal 4: More elective courses.

Proposal 5: More session on the interaction of lecturers and students

Proposal 6: To create a course that involves communication, leadership and management.

6. Conclusion

Based on feedback from final year students 2006/2007 session, there are some aspects of education that based on the OBE approach that should be given attention and emphasis. Taking account that these are the view of students that were in the second group that were exposed to OBE, their perceptions and previous student perceptions are considered essential to ensure continuous quality improvement.

Acknowledgement

We would like to thank UKM for providing the research grant (UKM-PTS-2011-141). References

Al-Hazmi, M. (1987). Causes of delay in large building construction projects. MS thesis, King Fahd Univ. Of Pet & Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Abd.Majid, M.Z.A., and McCaffer, R. (1997). Assessment of Work Performance of Maintenance Contractors in Saudi Arabia. Journal of

Management in Engineering. (pp 91). Besterfield-Sacre, M.E., L.J. Shuman, H. Wolfe, J. McGourty, C.J. Atman, J. Turns, R.L. Mileer & B.M. Olds. (2000). Triangulating

assessments. Proceeding, 2000 ASEE Annual Meeting, American Society for Engineering Education Felder R.M. and R. Brent. (2003). Designing and teaching courses to satisfy the ABET engineering criteria. Journal of Engineering Education, 92(1), 7-25.

Nichols, J. (1995). A practitioner's handbook for institutional effectiveness and student outcomes assessment implementation, New York, Agathon Press.