Scholarly article on topic 'Relationship Between Organizational Culture Type and Empowering Staff in Manufacturing Companies of Iran'

Relationship Between Organizational Culture Type and Empowering Staff in Manufacturing Companies of Iran Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

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Type of Organizational Culture / Empowering / Productive Corporations

Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — Zohreh Shakibaei, Ali Khalkhali, Saeide Salari Nezgad

Abstract The main purpose of this study was relationship between the type of organizational culture and staff empowerment in Productive Corporations in Iran. The research type was descriptive. The sampling was purposeful and 30 companies between 157 were selected. Two questionnaires (ODQ) and empowerment were completed by staffs. They were analyzed by Ancova the results showed that there is a meaningful relation between type of organizational culture and staff empowerment and its dimensions (being merit, effective, independency, job being meaningful and trust between staffs).

Academic research paper on topic "Relationship Between Organizational Culture Type and Empowering Staff in Manufacturing Companies of Iran"

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Social and Behavioral Sciences

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 (2012) 2886 - 2889

WCES 2012

Relationship between organizational culture type and empowering staff in manufacturing companies of Iran

Zohreh Shakibaei a Ali Khalkhali b, Saeide Salari Nezgad c

aAssistant Professor, Department of Post Graduates,Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran. bssistant Professor, Department of Post Graduates,Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran c M.A. in Educational Management,Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran.

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was relationship between the type of organizational culture and staff empowerment in Productive Corporations in Iran. The research type was descriptive. The sampling was purposeful and 30 companies between 157 were selected. Two questionnaires (ODQ) and empowerment were completed by staffs. They were analyzed by Ancova the results showed that there is a meaningful relation between type of organizational culture and staff empowerment and its dimensions (being merit, effective, independency, job being meaningful and trust between staffs).

© 220122. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu Keywords: Type of Organizational Culture, Empowering , Productive Corporations

ELSEVIER

1. Introduction

Effective organizations have strong cultures with a set of similar values. But if strong cultures lead to more effectiveness or not, depends on adjustment and real content proportion of the culture with organizational environmental conditions (Laurens & Lush, 2007).Recent decades, one of the influenced concepts in management thought is organizational culture concept. Organizations like communities, involve related culture to themselves which result in their differentiation. Organizational culture is considered as the starting point and source of organizational processes like, structure, hierarchy human relationship, organizational management and performance method, and attitudes and consideration of organization members. Organizational culture can lead to empower organizational commitment, creativity progress, more useful performance and generally, higher productivity and can be accepted as a certainty of organizational life (Batenrar &Kok, 2004, p 114).

2. Research Methodology

The companies with higher change - oriented culture to the companies with higher pragmatism culture involve significant difference in empowering staff in competence feeling feeling of being effective , independence feeling , meaningfulness feeling, trust feeling among co-workers .this descriptive study has been selected comparative-reasoning one research community includes all manufacturing companies of west Mazandaran (157 companies). Research sample consists of 30 manufacturing companies have been chosen as the research samples, after equalling

* Zohreh Shakibaei. Tel.: +98-911-392-2796 E-mail address: shakibaei_z@yahoo.com

1877-0428 © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.583

based on human capital numbers and activity performance through using purposeful sampling. Research tools were organizational description (ODQ) and empowerment questionnaires. Reliability of the questionnaires Has been obtained in content form and after considering necessary and resulted corrections by the experts, and their validity has been achieved through kronbakh alpha coefficient that it's amount for staff empowerment questionnaires is evaluated 0/89 and for organizational culture type is 0/91. MANOVA has been applied for analyzing data.

3. Research Findings

The companies with higher change - oriented culture to the companies with higher pragmatism culture involve significant difference in empowering staff in competence feeling of being effective, independence feeling , meaningfulness feeling, trust feeling among co-workers .

4. Tables

Table 1. Scores of standard deviation means of meaningfulness , being effective, competence feeling, autonomy,

trust feeling

variables pragmatism culture group change oriented culture group

Meaningfulness X 20/92 SD 6/84 X 29/52 SD 5/68

Being effective competence feeling 26/53 20/07 5/92 4/78 33/17 27/05 3/43 5/03

autonomy Trust feeling 19/07 7/92 5/99 3/27 27/76 11/76 2/48 3/94

For investigating hypothesized convergence of variance and co-variance matrix , Box's test has been conducted . Table 2. Box's test to investigate variance and co-variance matrix

Box's Meaningfulness level F Dfi Df2 P

27/671 1/473 15 2673/209 0/106

Since meaningfulness level is more than p=0/05, so, F, statistically calculated, is not meaningful, therefore hypothesized convergence of variance and co-variance matrix is not under question.

Investigating correlation coefficient amount between dependant variables, meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling, has been reported in table 2.

Table 3: corresponding correlation among variables, meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling

Dependant variables 1 2 3 4 5

Meaningfulness - 0/520 0/400 0/767 0/493

Being effective - - 0/285 0/798 0/587

competence feeling - - - 0/486 0/084

autonomy - - - - 0/571

Trust feeling - - - - -

The results of table 3 show that convergence correlation among meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling includes a meaningful relationship statistically. This relation shouldn't be more than 90% because the relative portion of each one is not clear. Investigating mean and standard deviation of variables meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling have been reported in table 3. Table 4: analysis of variance results for variables, meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling

Perash source Sum of Degree of Mean of F Meaningfulness level Effect Test power

squares freedom squares (P) amount

(SS) (df) (ms) Eta

Meaningfulness 545/642 1 545/642 14/157 0/001 0/336 0/953

Being effective 324/599 1 324/599 14/907 0/001 0/347 0/961

competence feeling 359/102 1 359/102 14/790 0/001 0/346 0/960

autonomy 556/018 1 556/018 29/379 0/001 0/512 0/999

Trust feeling 108/718 1 108/718 8/054 0/008 0/223 0/782

According to the results of table 4, and for analyzing dependant variables, meaningfulness, being effective, competence feeling, autonomy, trust feeling. In change- oriented and pragmatism culture group, Ben frony Alpha (0/01) has been used. Due to the results of table 4 , for analyzing meaningfulness variable , according to calculated

F, T] = 0/336, p=0/001, (df1,28)=14/157 with F, therefore calculated F is meaningful statistically because meaningfulness level is less than Ben frony Alpha ( (0/01).

For analyzing dependant variable, being effective, due to calculated F , T] = 0/347, p=0/001, (df1,28)=14/907 with

F ,because the meaningfulness level is less than Ben frony Alpha (0/01) , therefore calculated F is meaningful

statistically. For analyzing dependant variable, competence feeling, due to calculated F , T] = 0/346, p=0/001, (df1,28)=14/790 with F ,because the meaningfulness level is less than Ben irony Alpha (0/01) , therefore calculated F is meaningful statistically.

For analyzing dependant variable, autonomy, due to calculated F , T] = 0/512, p=0/001, (df1,28)=29/376 with F ,because the meaningfulness level is less than Ben frony Alpha (0/01) , therefore calculated F is meaningful statistically.

For analyzing dependant variable, trust feeling, due to calculated F , T] = 0/223, p=0/001, (df1,28)=8/054 with F ,because the meaningfulness level is less than Ben frony Alpha (0/01) , therefore calculated F is meaningful statistically.

According to meaningfulness of means difference with 95% reliability, it is mentioned that the research hypothesis is confirmed, that is, there is a relationship between organizational culture and empowering staff.

5. Discussion

As calculated F is in level 0/05, statistically, therefore it can be said that variable scores of competence feeling, being effective feeling, autonomy feeling, meaningfulness feeling, trust feeling. Among co-workers in pragmatism and change - oriented culture groups is different meaningfully. And by comparing the means it is determined that trust feeling in change - oriented culture group is more than pragmatism culture group. According to the research topic, the results show that there is a relationship between organizational culture type and staff empowerment , which is along with Saeedi, et al (2010), Deilamghani (2010), Ziaee, et al (2009), Keno & kelg (2008), Stuart (2006), Jochav & Espanger (2005), Harvard (2001) researches.

Acknowledgements

Authors express their sincere thanks to all participants in the study, who shared their time and expertise to us. References

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