Scholarly article on topic 'The Modern Philosophy Problems'

The Modern Philosophy Problems Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

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Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — K.A. Sadykov, Zh.T. Aubakirova, Zh. Berestenov, E. Asembai, U. Aimbetova

Abstract Nowadays the new independent states of the former Soviet Union are looking not only for the political and economic completeness, but also the philosophical semantic value. In our opinion, such situation demands the new almost revolutionary philosophy. In our opinion, last centuries dominating almost planetary analytical philosophy has to give the philosophy superiority of outlook, culture philosophy because the global world principles from integrity and multipolarity positions have to be under the construction on outlook and philosophy of all planetary world terrestrial life participants.

Academic research paper on topic "The Modern Philosophy Problems"

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Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 185 (2015) 428 - 431

3rd World Conference on Psychology and Sociology, WCPS- 2014

The modern philosophy problems

Sadykov K.A.a*, Aubakirova Zh.T.a, Berestenov Zh.a, Asembai E.a, Aimbetova U. a

aKazakh National Pedagogical University. Almaty, Akbulak district, 18 flat 129 house Chulanova street

Abstract

Nowadays the new independent states of the former Soviet Union are looking not only for the political and economic completeness, but also the philosophical semantic value. In our opinion, such situation demands the new almost revolutionary philosophy. In our opinion, last centuries dominating almost planetary analytical philosophy has to give the philosophy superiority of outlook, culture philosophy because the global world principles from integrity and multipolarity positions have to be under the construction on outlook and philosophy of all planetary world terrestrial life participants.

© 2015TheAuthors.PublishedbyElsevier Ltd.This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.Org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer-review under responsibility of Academic World Education and Research Center Keywords: philosophy, modern, analysis, culture, consideration

1. Introduction

Nowadays the new independent states of the former Soviet Union are looking not only for the political and economic completeness, but also the philosophical semantic value. In our opinion, such situation demands the new almost revolutionary philosophy. In our opinion, last centuries dominating almost planetary analytical philosophy has to give the philosophy superiority of outlook, culture philosophy because the global world principles from integrity and multipolarity positions have to be under the construction on outlook and philosophy of all planetary world terrestrial life participants. Naturally, the analytical philosophy elements had been proved by ancient scientists, and the subsequent interpreters, as well as firmness in arithmetic or geometry, have to and will be predominating in philosophical approaches by consideration of one or another vital and actual problem. The world outlook philosophy, culture philosophy are demanded by reality of our day, because not life quality or attitude

* Sadykov K.A.Tel.: Tel.: +7 707 385 18 78. E-mail address: zhanat_2006@mail.ru

1877-0428 © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Peer-review under responsibility of Academic World Education and Research Center doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.03.356

towards her, but this life preservation had been put on the agenda. Although the central problem of philosophy has always been the problem of "man and the world", considered it differently. In the first stage of cultural history, when the public mind was the mythological and the world, and the man seen as the creation of a deity, their relationship is insignificant in their derivation from the act of divine creation. Yet this type of philosophy is maintained throughout the history of culture, until the twentieth century - not by chance the most consistent representatives of Russian religious philosophy became priests and reduces the solution of all philosophical problems to the recognition of the primacy of divine origin (in the book "The philosophical theory of value", I showed how it happens in the field of philosophical knowledge, objective analysis would reveal the same pattern in all of its other sections). (Golubinci, 2004)

The aim of the present paper is the statement of the modern philosophy problems and the ways of solving it.

2. Method

The modern analytical philosophy represents logic, semantics and semiotics. The person as research object represents the scientific inexplicable text, either language, sign or system of own activity. The severity, validity, substantiality, disparagement to person metaphysical and existential experience, doesn't affect the person and his problems. Probably, philosophical substantiality also is necessary, that doesn't important for terrestrial person. If to call to mind great Hegel whose task was to systematize intuitive rational knowledge for a human Intellect arsenal total order. Hegel invoked philosophy for world scientific picture, knowledge of Mind, Reason and thinking system. Immanuel Kant perceived his own task in the separating Mind from Reason, giving importance to person aprioristic knowledge, and to ennoble person Intellect. But to what this dissection led to? The small group of gold billion in 300 people sets the tone of the world living. (K.A.)It means that 21st century shouldn't go on the way of person theorizing, there is a necessity of understanding him and researching his reserved opportunities. The analytical philosophy generated a great class of businessmen who created life adaptation philosophy, survivals, ability to stand on tiptoe in front of great Dollar, and, in principle, these people are not only a class, they are already special nation, which is called "dollar nation" which can be found in any country. Giving honors to philosophic theories we have forgotten great outlook, personality philosophical culture, which probably would have created a barrier to existing defects, of course, if it had been erected in state laws position. In modern human capital century the cogitative activity techniques are interesting that influence on social and cultural situation in the world network. The 21st century person have became cardinally another. The person became almost ubiquitous; he can be at the same time in many countries and cultures, thanks to the world information network. The task only to understand of these other human worlds and cultures, and only philosophy can make it. Because the mankind is captured not only by technological networks, but also by unified space destiny, unified energy that quite recently had been proved by unifies expectation of a doomsday. (Alekseev, 2004; Alkhalaf, 2014)

3. Discussion

Even Bakhtin, the prominent Soviet scientist in the 20th years noted in his work "Act philosophy" that the theoretical philosophy and gnoseology absolutely differ from the person world and his life and urged philosophy to serve the person. The philosophical analytical science opened general regularities of person and society development, showed the material structure and living beings texture, and now the philosophy has to show new world outlook knowledge. We don't know a lot of things about great Energy which penetrates not only Space, but also Earth and the person. Why we are silent about it? We don't know this energy distribution in the biosphere. We know a little bit about energy of Thought. We just speak about that, however philosophical research subject this phenomenon haven't become yet. Among us there are people with extraordinary abilities, however the explanation for it in the philosophy hasn't been presented the main task of which is the person. Even Kant had asked a question what is the person, but gave just scientific dissection explanation. But somehow extraordinary energy of extraordinary people appears? Such questions also have to enter into modern philosophy circle. In our opinion, the philosophy of modern outlook, culture philosophy, has to give or interpret knowledge of last eras, as well as teach to think and make own knowledge to open in itself the new hidden opportunities. Now the classical logic is insufficient

for the description of the multidimensional world, the multiple-valued logic or planetary logic in the conditions of existing network world society is necessary. (K.A.)

It turned out that we established the independent states, but we have no topical philosophy. It is clear that all countries of the former Soviet Union continue to study analytical philosophy as well as mathematics and geometry but what we have to do with own philosophical national meanings?

The Kazakhstan dialectic logic school considered and investigated historical development of dialectics as logicians, and also its categories and principles development. The Kazakhstan dialectic school exposed to comprehensive study the logic, gnoseology, knowledge methodology (Krapivensky, 2003; Dochshanova,2014)

It is possible to consider as the dialectic logic school main achievement researches and reasoning concerning logical thinking system formation during human activity. The listed directions in philosophy still have been considered as a gold contribution in Soviet philosophy development that couple of times has been noted by Philosophy Institute of Russian Sciences Academy. The Kazakhstan dialectics school sacredly trusted only in dialectics and its ways of thinking, and refusal from it had been equal to death and person and his society attenuation. This school dialectics had been urged to show comprehension ways of the world and its environment. The dialectic thinking logic, according to this school' scientists undoubtedly had to help the person to find the existence way and sense. The dialectic logic researchers presented for the first time to the Kazakhstan reader new or half studied personals on dialectic thinking as Heraclites, new platonic, east philosopher al-Farabi and ibn-Sing, with their identity and distinction with antiquity. (Sokolov, 2003; Mojallal, Javadi & Hosseinkhanzadeh,2013)

Having appeared in nice 60th, 70th of the Soviet era dialectic school scientists reveled in freedom of thaw and did honors to dialectics which began to take out for the first time the Soviet society on the democratic freedoms formation way. The dialectic school philosophers believed that only the dialectic thinking and its mastering ways are considered as original philosophizing and even whole philosophy core.

It is known that the Russian philosopher Ilyenkov promoted Kazakhstan dialectics school formation and development. Together with Ilyenkov the Kazakhstan scientists, led by Abdildin carried their loyal and main love to dialectics and its thinking nature. Ilyenkov by himself adhered concerning dialectics only the idol of Spinosa who for the first time, according to Ilyenkov, gave accurate materialistic thinking definition not as special spiritual substance activity, but as special material body activity, i.e. logically activities that are out of this conceiving body. In the dialectic school scientists attention center always were thinking problems, and the thinking logic seemed them as the general and concrete thinking theory coinciding with materialistic dialectics. (P.V.)

According to the scientists, whole material world can't be captured by thinking and therefore problems of thinking, its main forms and laws remain always in a bosom of philosophical reflections of original philosophy. The main cogitative forms had been declared as reality forms. The cogitative forms have been declared as objective forms essence of subjective human activity. Such approach provided unity of dialectics, logic and knowledge. Ilyenkov viewed the unity of thinking concept and existence, due to that thinking is immanent to life and not transcendental to it. The thinking in this sense is understood by Ilyenkov and his Kazakhstan students and followers as not only brain function, but also as the individual dialectic and world outlook, considering dialectic identity of thinking and life. (Krapivensky, 2003; Ribakova,2014; .Plaza,2013)

The Kazakhstan dialectics school led by Abdildin in their works illumined philosophy history from the point of view of logical categories formation as thinking and life definitions systems. The Kazakhstan dialecticians investigated a phenomenon antique, and also Ancient Chinese dialectics and its phenomenal origin. Their research topical truth Still remains in spite of differences the antique and Ancient Chinese philosophers' activity of the general still have that the dialectic philosophy met requirements of development of society and the state that in principle it is possible to wish philosophy of modern days is actual. (Golubinci, 2004; Kashkooli,2014; Dordinej ad,2014).

4. Conclusion

Kazakhstan philosophical dialectics school Scientists talked about that the ancient philosophy showed idea and matter dialectics in sensual and material space expanse with space soul, space mind under the direction of unified first principle. The Teo centrism philosophical idea supplanted Space-centrism. The world understanding following

after Teo centrism occurred from the point of view of dialectics and metaphysics. The Kazakhstan dialectic school always underlined the situation that only and during ancient philosophy all dialectics issue life and thinking correlation had been put, all dialectic problems circle had been set, all subjects concerning the world, person and their relationship had been touched and illumined.

However, as us think, from modern day position, the dialectics based by Ancient Greek philosophers, sung by the Kazakhstan philosophical school couldn't capture all vital problems existing between the person and the world because the person and his world have cardinally changed.

The modern philosophy has to comprehend our days, give a philosophical existing life and thinking picture and conduct vital forecasts for nowadays person and his society. The American pragmatism philosophy absorbed the Kazakhstan state population, generating vastly rich top and ruin the middle class remains, without speaking about the people living within or below the poverty line. (Alekseev, 2004; Fakharzade, 2014).

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