Scholarly article on topic 'Giant squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-positive patient'

Giant squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-positive patient Academic research paper on "Clinical medicine"

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Academic research paper on topic "Giant squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-positive patient"

Giant squamous cell carcinoma in HIV-positive patient

Authors *

Cassio Porto Ferreira1 Heliomar de Azevedo Valle2

José Alvimar Ferreira3 Ricardo Barbosa Lima4 Carlos José Martins5

!Master - Dermatologist of IPEC/FIOCRUZ 2PhD/Professor -Discipline of Pathological Anatomy, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) 3Specialist/Professor -Discipline of Dermatology, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO)

4Specialist/Professor -Discipline of Dermatology, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO) 5Specialist / Professor - Discipline of Dermatology, Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO)

^Department of Dermatology, Hospital Universitário Gaffrée e Guinle/Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO).

Submitted on: 04/27/2009 Approved on: 09/25/2009

Correspondence to:

Cassio Porto Ferreira Travessa Regina, 79/85 -Centro, Nova Igua9u - RJ - Brasil. CEP: 26210-350 Phone: 55 21 27679722 Fax: 55 21 27688008 E-mail: drcassioferreira@

We declare no conflict of interest.


Sixty year-old male, white, and HIV seropositive in use of zidovudine, lamivudine and efavirenz, presenting tumor located in scalp, progressing with rapid growth during one year. Upon dermatological examination, it was evidenced extensive tumor of infiltrated and exophytic appearance, covered by necrotic material, and located bilaterally in the parietal region (Figures 1, 2). The histopathological examination revealed a diagnosis of well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), (Figures 3, 4). Additional tests were performed, such as CD4: 62 cells/mm3; CD8: 1,654 cells/mm3; viral load: 91,000 copies. CT brain scan revealed cerebral foci of calcification in the suprasellar region [Braz J Infect Dis 2010;14(2):209-210]©Elsevier Editora Ltda.

Figure 1: Front view of the lesion, with its appearance and vegetative tumor.

Figure 2: More detail, showing the real extent of the tumor with necrotic and infiltrating appearance.

Figure 3: Neoplastic proliferation composed of squamous cell masses (HE, 10X).

Figure 4: Formation of structures that replicate the look of pearl cornea (HE, 100X).

and basal ganglia on the left, with about 1.50 cm in diameter and invasion to the skull along the interparietal suture (Figure 5). The patient evolved with pneumonia and subsequent death, it was not possible to investigate visceral metastases. The skin is the most frequently organ affected in HIV seropositive patients, and the prevalence of skin problems during the course of infection may reach 92%.' SCC is a malignant skin cancer with an invasive nature, consisting of atypical proliferation of spinous cells that may cause metastases to regional lymph nodes and internal organs, accounting for about 25% of skin cancers.2 Immunosuppressed patients have a greater potential for tumor growth, cell differentiation, and aggressiveness that can occur in all HIV infection stages.3 The local recurrence, metastasis, and survival are not related to the number of opportunistic infections or CD4 count and should be treated aggressively, after assessing the degree of immunosuppression and prognosis of HIV infection. Mohs micrographic surgery is the treatment of choice.4

Figure 5: Brain Computerized tomography: tumor invasion through the skull.


1. Porro AM. Manifestares dermatológicas da infecto pelo HIV. An Bras Dermatol 2000; 75(6):665-91.

2. Marks R. Squamous cell carcinoma. Lancet 1996; 347:735-8.

3. Maurer TA. Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Patients. Arch Dermatol 1997; 133:577-83.

4. Nguyen P. Aggressive Squamous Cell Carcinomas in Persons Infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Arch Dermatol 2002; 138:758-63.