Scholarly article on topic 'What do University Professors (Still) Believe in?'

What do University Professors (Still) Believe in? Academic research paper on "Computer and information sciences"

CC BY-NC-ND
0
0
Share paper
Keywords
{Values / "University professors" / Students / "Academic environment"}

Abstract of research paper on Computer and information sciences, author of scientific article — Gabriel Albu, Venera-Mihaela Cojocariu

Abstract Nowadays we see that the value of a university professor is given mainly by the amount of money that he is able to bring to the institution's budget and by the financial value of the projects he initiates and coordinates (Vlăsceanu, 2006). In this context, the quality of teaching carried out daily with the students and the human intrinsic value of university professors have taken a background place among the concerns of higher education administrators. We nevertheless consider that in the formation of new generations of intellectuals the values their professors believe in are very important. They influence the choices, aspirations and motivations of students; they provide students with a way to give meaning to their lives (Frankl, 2009, Yalom, 2010). Though in a preliminary stage, the study aims to reveal the values of today's academics: the same values that guide their life, their relationships with students and the ones they want to pass along. The method used is questionnaire survey. It was applied to a group of 56 subjects (over 20 years of teaching experience) from “Petroleum-Gas” University of Ploiesti and “Vasile Alecsandri” University of Bacau. The study led us to identify the following three aspects: 1. the values university professors believe in regarding the relationship with self, peers, and their work, 2. the values we consider most important in our current and future society, 3. the values they pass along to students and that they consider relevant for future generations of intellectuals. University professors are not only a source of knowledge for students and representatives of leading scientific research. They are also a source of values. It is therefore necessary to award special attention to the study of their values. These values influence the beliefs, choices, motivations and attitudes of future generations of intellectuals. It is opportune to develop the research by including other universities and other categories of teachers (less than 20 years experience).

Academic research paper on topic "What do University Professors (Still) Believe in?"

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

SciVerse ScienceDirect PrOCSCl ¡0

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 69 (2012) 2184 - 2192

International Conference on Education and Educational Psychology (ICEEPSY 2012)

What do university professors (still) believe in?

Gabriel Albua, Venera-Mihaela Cojocariub*

a "Petroleum-Gas" University of Ploie§ti, Faculty of Letters and Sciences, Bdul Bucuresti, nr. 39,Ploiesti, 100680, Romania b"Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu, Department of Mathematics, Informatics and Sciences education, Märä§e§ti Street nr. 127, Bacäu, 600115, Romania

Abstract

Nowadays we see that the value of a university professor is given mainly by the amount of money that he is able to bring to the institution's budget and by the financial value of the projects he initiates and coordinates (Vlasceanu, 2006). In this context, the quality of teaching carried out daily with the students and the human intrinsic value of university professors have taken a background place among the concerns of higher education administrators. We nevertheless consider that in the formation of new generations of intellectuals the values their professors believe in are very important. They influence the choices, aspirations and motivations of students; they provide students with a way to give meaning to their lives (Frankl, 2009, Yalom, 2010).

Though in a preliminary stage, the study aims to reveal the values of today's academics: the same values that guide their life, their relationships with students and the ones they want to pass along. The method used is questionnaire survey. It was applied to a group of 56 subjects (over 20 years of teaching experience) from "Petroleum-Gas" University of Ploiesti and "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau. The study led us to identify the following three aspects: 1. the values university professors believe in regarding the relationship with self, peers, and their work, 2. the values we consider most important in our current and future society, 3. the values they pass along to students and that they consider relevant for future generations of intellectuals.

University professors are not only a source of knowledge for students and representatives of leading scientific research. They are also a source of values. It is therefore necessary to award special attention to the study of their values. These values influence the beliefs, choices, motivations and attitudes of future generations of intellectuals. It is opportune to develop the research by including other universities and other categories of teachers (less than 20 years experience). © 2012 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Selection and peer-review underresponsibilityofDr. Zafer Bekirogullari ofCognitive-Counselling, Research &Conference ServicesC-crcs.

Keywords: values, university professors, students, academic environment

1. Introductory considerations

Under the current conditions, in Romania, we witness the tendency of universities to "turn into trading corporations of a certain type" (Vlasceanu, 2007, p. 237). They tend to become learning and research corporations

* Corresponding author. Venera-Mihaela Cojocariu, Tel.: +4-074-706-6462 E-mail address: venera_1962@yahoo.com

1877-0428 © 2012 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Dr. Zafer Bekirogullari of Cognitive - Counselling, Research & Conference

Services C-crcs.

doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.184

(an organizational model first configured in the U.S., starting with the first half of the XXth century). Confronted with this situation, universities are forced to change their functioning and structure after the model of industrial corporations in order to propose marketing and public relations strategies, ways to improve quality assurance and sign partnership agreements with the industry, strategies to attract financing companies, aspiring even to be listed to the Stock Market (Vlasceanu, 2007, p. 236).

Whether we want it or not, higher education is regarded - by more and more people - as an industry, a service (alongside and together with banking services, tourism and the like), as a part of the economy that it not only serves but also (re)produces in terms of finances and symbolical goods and material assets. In this new context, the value of a university professor is given, prioritary (and almost exclusively) by the amount of money that he is able to bring to the institution's budget and by the financial value of the projects (and / or contracts) that he runs.

From this perspective, the quality of every day teaching, developed every moment with the students as well as the intrinsic human (moral, investigative, creative) value took a background place among the targets of academic administrators and the professional assessment structures (from university and central level) in Romania.

We believe, however, that in forming new generations of intellectuals it is not the market value of projects and / or contracts sealed by scholars that is critical, but the values (university) professors believe in. They influence the choices, preferences, aspirations and motivations of students and provide them a way to give meaning to their lives (Yalom, 2010; Frankl, 2009; Zohar §i Marshall, 2011).

2. Methodology

Though in a preliminary stage, the survey aims to identify the values professors believe in, the values that organize their lives and that are at the basis of their relationship with students and that they implicitly and/or explicitly choose to pass on to their students.

In this survey took part 56 subjects: 2 groups of 28 professors from the two universities: Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti and Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacau. The structure of the sample was the following: women: 28 (from each university 7 women for sciences/engineering sciences and 7 for humanities); men: 28 (from each university 7 for sciences/engineering sciences and 7 for humanities). All professors have a minimum of 20 years experience in higher education.

We have imposed this criterion because this category of university professors have been raised and educated before 1989, i.e. before the fall of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe and Romania. We intend, in the following stages of this research, to extend the sample of subjects with persons having an experience of 10-15 years in higher education (respectively professors educated after 1990, under a democratic politic and legaladministrative regime) and to compare, from the point of view of their own values, the two generations of university professors.

The research is qualitative and took place in the two university centers simultaneously between March and May 2012. We have applied a questionnaire with 8 open ended question items. For the items that required a hierarchization of respondents' options we have established the score as follows: we awarded 3 points for the value ranked first, 2 points for the value ranked second and 1 point for the value that ranked third.

3. Results and preliminary analyses

After collecting and analyzing responses, eight sets of data have emerged that we systematized and successively presented in tables, following the previously explained structure of the sample. After the results obtained for each item were highlighted, they were analyzed synthetically.

In Table no. 1 we can comparatively follow the values that professors from the two universities considered to be representative of their personal axiological system, as solution to item: The first three values in which I believe the most are...

Table no. 1 The first three values university professors most believe in

Female university professors, engineering sciences Female university professors, humanities Male university professors, engineering sciences Male university professors, humanities

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Morality (correctness, respect, selflessness, honor): 14 p. 2. God (faith): 9 p. 3. Truth: 4 p. 1. Morality (correctness, principledness, loyalty, verticality): 14 p. 2-3. Education: 5 p. 2-3. Respect: 5 p. 1. Morality (correctness, honor): 10 p. 2. Faith, peer love: 8 p. 3. Family: 6 p. 1. Morality (correctness, honor, integrity, dignity): 25 p. 2-3 . Perseverance 5 p. 2- 3. Work, eagerness, professionalism: 5 p.

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Morality (correctness, justice, good, honesty, sincerity, truth, integrity): 20 p. 2. Love of people: 6 p. 3.Responsibility: 4 p. 1. Morality (correctness, honesty, honor, integrity): 9 p 2. Activity (work, education, learning): 8p 3. Love of people: 6 p. 1. Morality (correctness, truth, honesty, justice, impartiality, moral): 15 2. Family: 6 p. 3. Love of people, faith: 6 p. 1. Morality (truth, correctness, honor, honesty, loyalty, principledness): 17 p. 2. Perseverance: 5 p. 3. Faith, dignity: 3 p.

The comparative analysis highlights the existence of a common axiological dominant at the level of both samples and their sub-groups. Generically called morality it incorporates a wider range of representative values, as we can see in the table. Even if the scores obtained are different within the same sample or between them, with values between 9 and 20 points, it is important that an identical core of values emerged on the first place. Apart from morality, the other places were held by common values like: faith in God, family, love of people.

In Table no. 2 one can identify, comparatively, the values that professors from the two universities consider as mediating the relationship with their own work, as a solution to the item: When I relate to my own work, the value that preoccupies me most is....

Table no. 2 Values related to their own work

Female Female professors, Male professors, Male professors,

professors, humanities engineering sciences humanities

engineering sciences

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

l.Professionalism: 1. Quality; 1. Quality: 2 options; 1. Acknowledgement:

2 options; 2. Efficiency; 2. Knowledge; 2 options;

2.Self- 3. Rigor; 3. Self-development; 2. Merits;

development; 4. Professional 4. Hard work; 3. Professionalism;

3. Competence; competence; 5. The applicability of 4. Quality work;

4. 5. (Scientific) truth; passed on knowledge; 5. Integrity;

Conscientiousness; 6. Well done job; 6. The desire to do my 6. Self-development

5. Communication; 7. Conscientiousness job the best I can

6. Openness

7 professors - 6 values 7 professors - 7 values 7 professors - 6 values 7 professors - 6 values

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Responsibility -2 options; 2. Work efficiency - 2 options; 3. Quality - 2 options; 4.Knowledge 1. Professional development - 3 options; 2. Responsibility; 3. Practical /emotional intelligence; 4. Perseverance; 5. Quality 1. Passion; 2. Truth; 3. Expertise; 4. Research; 5. Performance; 6. Correctness; 7. Professionalism 1. Consistency - 2 options; 2. Competence - 2 options; 3. Quality, 4. Passion; 5. Authenticity

7 professors-4 values 7 professors - 5 values 7 professors - 7 values 7 professors - 5 values

The comparative perspective on the data does not allow the clear evidence of a common axiological dominant. We can even observe a rather large degree of dispersion, from 4 values up to 7 out of 7. At the same time we can identify an axiological dominant at the level of each university. Professors from Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti appreciate, with a majority of options, the following values: quality - 4 options, professionalism and self-development - 3 options and competence - 2 options. At the level of the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau the most important are quality - 4 options, responsibility and competence - 3 options each and professionalism - 2 options. Even if the core of the values valued by the two samples is not the same one can easily observe that the first value is identical with the same number of options (quality - 4 options), and between the values ranked second and third there are 2 out of 3 values, with a difference of one option (professionalism and competence, 3 and respectively 2 options each). Overall, although not identical, the values in terms of which the professors of the two universities relate to their own work are very close, on the triad quality, competence, professionalism which reveals a current and pragmatic approach.

In Table no. 3 we can comparatively follow the values professors from the two universities value as the most important for the activity of a university professor as a solution to the item: For the activity of a university professor the most important value is...

Table no. 3 The most important value for the activity of a university professor

Female Female professors, Male professors, Male professors,

professors, humanities engineering sciences humanities

engineering sciences

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Professional 1. Modesty; 1. Respect for well done 1. Competence:

correctness / probity: 2 2. Professionalism; job; 2 options;

options; 3. Research; 2. Establishing an efficient 2. Appreciation of

2. Dedication / love 4. Creation of communication with students:

for students: 2 options; values; students; 2 options;

3. Professionalism; 5.Responsibility to 3. Training of specialists; 3. Possessing

4. Self-education; society; 4. Personal example; necessary skills and

5. Non-respondent 6. Honesty; 5. Hard work towards knowledge;

7. Dedication better teaching students; 6. Faith that what they do is both useful and necessary; 7. Performance 4. Honor

7 professors -4 values 7 professors -7 values 7 professors -7 values 7 professors -4 values

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Integrity; 1. Professional 1. Competence - 3 1. Competence - 3

2. Power of development -2 options; option;

example; options; 2. Honesty - 2 options; 2. Adequate

3. Competence; 2. Excellent work; 3. Generosity; communication;

4. Love of people; 3. Scientific rigor, 4. Research; 3. Passion;

5. Passion; 6. Responsibility; 7. Dedication 4. Honesty; 5. Dedication/ passion; 6. Responsibility 4. Creativity; 5. Honesty

7 professors -7 values 7 professors -6 values 7 professors -4 values 7 professors -5 values

The comparative perspective on the data does not lead us to detect explicitly a common axiological dominant. One can see a small degree of dispersion for the solutions of Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti, two times 4 solutions and 2 times 7 solutions, and a wider degree at the "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau, 4, 5, 6, or 7 values out of 7. The top 3 values are, this time, very different, unlike the situation encountered in the previous item allowing the shaping of a distinct axiological profile in each university. Professors at the Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti appreciate, with most options, the following values: focusing on the student - 5 options, honor - 3 options, professionalism - 2 options. In the sample from the "Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau the highlights are competence - 8 options, integrity, honesty - 5 options and passion - 3 options. Even if the values ranked second are identical, the number of options is quite different. We find the difference between the values placed first, as well as the number of options very interesting.

In Table no. 4 we can observe, comparatively, the counter-values professors from the two universities incriminate as the most dangerous in contemporary society as a solution to the item: I believe that nowadays, the most dangerous counter-values are (name and rank 3 counter-values):

Table no. 4 The most dangerous counter-values in contemporary society

Female professors, engineering sciences Female professors, humanities Male professors, engineering sciences Male professors, humanities

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Lying, cheating: 13 p. 2. Cowardice, betrayal: 6 p. 3. Upstartism, the pursuit of social position: 5p. 1. Imposture/ upstartism: 10 p. 2. Lie/theft/ hypocrisy: 9 p. 3. Superficiality/ nerve/mediocrity/ ignorance: 8 p. 1. Lie, ignorance/ superficiality/rush: 6 p. 2. Self-sufficiency/ pride: 5 p. 3. Demagogy / hypocrisy: 4 p. 1. Lie: 14 p. 2. Theft/corruption: 6 p. 3. Pride/ nerve: 5 p.

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Superficiality: 9 p. 2. Promoting non-values: 5 p. 3. Aggression: 4 p. 1. Lie, superficiality: 5 p. 2. Envy: 4 p. 3. Self-sufficiency, selfishness, lack of respect, pride, insolence: 3 p. 1. Demagogy, upstartism: 4p. 2. Fame, religious intolerance, sickness, proselytism, poverty: 3 p. 3. Material success, slander, ignorance, deceit, greed, lack of faith, intolerance: 2 p. 1. lie, imposture: 5 p. 2. Envy, hypocrisy, corruption, demagogy: 3 p. 3. Malice, incompetence, superficiality, immorality: 2 p.

The comparative analysis of the data does not lead us to identify a common axiological dominant. One can see a small degree of dispersion of the solutions of Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti and a wider degree at the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau. Counter values ranked on the top 3 are, this time, relatively similar, although they lead us towards shaping a distinct axiological profile in each university. Professors at the Petroleum -Gas University of Ploiesti incriminate, with most options, the following counter-values: lie - 42 points, imposture,

upstartism - 10 points, cowardice, betrayal, corruption - 6 points. In the sample from the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacâu a larger number of values is highlighted. Even if lie is ranked first as well, it gets only 10 points (much fewer than the 42 earned by the other university!), followed in second place by the promotion of non-values (relatively synonymous with imposture?) - 5 points and aggression - 4 points

In Table no. 5 we can analyze, comparatively, the values professors from the two universities consider as the most significant in view of an adequate modeling of students as solution to the item: I believe the fundamental values higher education should instill students with currently are... (name 3 values in order of importance)

Table no. 5 Fundamental values higher education should instill students with

Female professors, engineering sciences Female professors, humanities Male professors, engineering sciences Male professors, humanities

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Work: 11 p. 2. Competence: 9 p. 3. Respect (for self, for peers, for work): 8 p. 1. Respect (for self, for others, for work, for intellectual performance): 12 p. 2. Competence: 7 p. 3. Responsibility, gravity: 5 p. 1. Respect (for others, for science, for the chosen profession): 13 p. 2.Competence: 9 p. 3. Correctness: 5 p. 1. Professionalism/ excellence: 7 p. 2. Competence: 6 p. 3. Work: 4 p.

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Correctness: 9 p. 2. Professional culture: 4 p. 3.Responsibility, education: 3 p. 1. Work: 9 p. 2. Responsibility, correctness: 5 p. 3. Thinking, honesty, creativity, passion:3p. 1. Knowledge: 9 p. 2. Respect for work: 5 p. 3. Morality, expertise, correctness:3p. 1. Truth: 10 p. 2. Passion, knowledge: 5 p. 3. The degree of civilization, honesty, professionalism, trust: 3 p.

As with previous items the dispersion of answers within the sample is kept in case of „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau as is the condensation of answers around a few values in the sample of Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti, as demonstrated by the scores obtained in the first 3 ranked values. For professors of Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti the first 3 values that higher education should currently inculcate students are: respect (for self, for others, for work, for intellectual performance, for science, for the job chosen) - 33 points, competence - 31 points and work - 15 points. Not the same values were represented by their colleagues from the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau, who opted for correctness (honor) - 17 points, work - 9 points and responsibility - 8 points. It appears there is a common value to all teachers i.e. work.

We deemed very interesting the last messages professors woud address students in their last meeting (marking the end of their career), as an expression of the item: If tomorrow I end my activity I will tell my students, for the last time.... We present, combined, several ideas from the two universities involved in the study, alternating messages from the Petroleum - Gas University of Ploiesti (a) with those from „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau (b) on each sub-structure of the sample:

a. Female university professors, engineering sciences:

(a). „Don't lose your dignity!"; „Trust your own powers, be honest and do not give up!"; „Have an easy life!"; „Win the battle with life in a fair way!"; „Be honest in everything you do!"; „Keep learning and believe in overcoming your own limitations!"; „Love life!".

(b). „Offering others around us all we have best in us we will surely live in a better world"; „Keep studying! "; „Be fair to yourselves and to society! "; „You can accomplish the scenario in which you strongly believe! "; „If you are informed / educated you will surely succeed! "; „Be truly human! "; „Learn in order to give, give in order to receive! ".

b. Female university professors, humanities:

(a). „Success!"; To evolve and to maintain a high standard on the value of pedagogy; Not to forget to be human; To learn to know themselves, to fine tune their hopes to their means; To be honest, hardworking and competent.

(b). „Always be quality people! "; „Think analytically and critically! "; „Do not give up hope! "; „Work fair and dedicatedly! "; „Work passionately wherever you are! "; „Cultivate your trust in your own forces!"; „Success in life is given by unconditional faith in yourselves! ".

c. Male university professors, engineering sciences:

(a). „Love! Love your enemies too!"; To be worthy in every situation; „Without knowledge (without scientific training) they will not be able to adapt!"; „Farewell, with your youth ahead!"; To have faith and hope they will succeed in life!; To learn as much as possible and to manage their spare time usefully.

(b). „Be responsible! "; „Trust your own forces! Be fair! "; „Be ready for all the challenges of life! "; „Good luck! "; „Be human! "; „Be strong! "; „Don't stop learning! ".

d. Male university professors, humanities:

(a). „Be honest!"; To be ready to help others!; To be responsible and to believe in themselves!; To continue their theoretical and practical training in order to be useful to society!; „Keep prepared!"; „Learn as long as you live!"; To show magnanimity and generosity.

(b). „Keep learning!"; „Work earnestly!"; „Be yourselves in all circumstances!"; „In a world of absurdity, try to remain true to yourselves!"; „Change the world!"; „Be role models!"; „Only change is constant!".

In Table no. 6 we can comparatively watch the values professors of the two universities proposed as having the function to conserve humankind as a solution to item: I believe the value that would conserve (save) humankind is.

Table no. 6 The value that will conserve/save humankind

Female Female professors, Male professors, Male professors,

professors, humanities engineering sciences humanities

engineering

sciences

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Faith in God: 1. Faith in God: 1. Faith in God: 1. Responsibility:

2 options; 2 options; 2 options; 3 options;

2. Love for one 2. Cherishing one 2. Correctness; 2. Work (and dignity):

another : 2 options; another; 2 options;

3. Correctness 3. Humanity 3. Family and friendship 3. Trust (in people)

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau

1. Love for one 1. Work: 2 options; 1. Work 1. Truth: 2 options;

another : 3 options;

2. Balance; 2. Love for one another : 2 options; 2. Truth; 2. Respect;

3. Correctness 3. Intelligence 3. Love for one another 3. Faith

The comparative perspective on the results does not allow us to identify a common axiological dominant but rather an axiological proposal relatively distinct in each university, with a common value. Professors at the Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti propose the following three values with a soteriological role : belief in God - 6 options, love, appreciation of others - 5 options and responsibility - 3 points. In the sample from the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacâu " a rescue package is proposed that consists of three values: love, appreciation of others - 6 options, the truth, correctness - 4 options and work - 3 options. The shared core values of both samples consist of love and appreciation of others.

In Table no. 7 we can watch, comparatively, the values professors from the two universities appreciate as being necessary to future society as a solution to the item: Future society needs the following 3 values (in order of their importance):

Table no. 7 The values needed by future society

Female professors, Female Male professors, Male professors,

engineering sciences professors, engineering sciences humanities

humanities

Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti

1. Work, faith (in 1. Morality, 1. Morality: 9 p. 1. Responsibility: 7 p.

God): 7 p. principledness,

tolerance: 11 p.

2.Order, discipline: 2. Generosity, 2. Honesty: 7 p. 2. Kindness, humanity,

5 p. dedication, helping sacrifices for others: 6p.

each other: 8 p.

3. Correctness, 3. 3. Competence, 3. Work: 5 p.

competence, trust (in Professionalism, knowledge (gained),

people): 4 p. seriousness, knowledge: 5 p.

competence: 6 p.

„Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacäu

1. Professional 1. Respect, 1. Morality, 1. Knowledge: 7 p.

development, responsibility, knowledge: 4 p.

correctness: 5 p. intelligence,

democracy,

professionalism, work,

tradition: 3 p.

2. Liberty, justice, 2. Freedom, family, 2. Responsibility, 2. Culture: 4 p.

faith, peace, respect, honesty, honor, faith, truth, love for one

education: 3 p. solidarity, another, kindness,

competence: 2 p. freedom, dignity: 3 p.

3. Dignity, 3. Love for one 3. Expertise, faith, 3. Freedom, solidarity,

seriousness, harmony, another , education, correctness, morality,

truth: 2 p. wisdom, correctness, equality, culture, love for one another :

citizenship: 1 p. honesty: 2 p. 3 p.

The comparative analysis of results leads us to identify relatively similar axiological options. Teachers at the Petroleum Gas University of Ploiesti propose the following 3 values which they consider absolutely necessary for future society: morality - 24 points, competence - 15 points and work - 12 points. In the sample from the „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau a set of 3 such values is shown that consists of morality - 21 points, knowledge - 11 points and love for one another - 7 points. The core value of the two samples is morality.

4. Discussions

Following research and data interpretation, I noticed that professors from Petroleum and Gas University of Ploiesti and „Vasile Alecsandri" University of Bacau - with over 20 years experience in higher education - are concerned about their own values, respectively the ones on which they based the relationship with themselves, with others / students, their work, by the values of future generations, by correlating the cognitive dimension of their lives with the axiological one. We have obtained important data that illustrate their beliefs and their ideals.

In analyzing the collected data and correlating the different answers, we have watched for the common values of the two samples. Letting aside the quantitative dimensions, the number of points or options and retaining

only the presence of certain values and their rank, we managed, successively, and in agreement with the analyzed items, to identify the following axiological landmarks existing at the level of both groups of professors:

The first three values professors believe in: morality, faith in God, love for one another (Table 1);

The first three values referring to their own work: quality, professionalism, competence (Table 2). Of course, there are also other values important for the subjects such as conscientiousness, communication with students, a job well done, continuous self-development. University professors (with at least 20 years experience) are aware of the importance of personal role model for the evolution of students and for their options and are also aware of their responsibility towards society. Also, they realize that the fundamental value higher education must instill in future graduates - in an organic, interactive and intrinsic way - is work. It is followed by respect (for self, for others, for the job chosen); at the same time there is a thirst for knowledge, professionalism/excellence. We observe the fact that other values like courage, team spirit, self-assessment skills, originality, cooperation fas essential elements of freedom), protecting the environment, voluntary simplicity or religious unity of people are (very) little represented;

The most important value for the activity of a university professor: honesty, integrity, fairness (Table 3);

The most dangerous counter-value in today's world: lies, imposture (Table 4). The investigated professors consider that in human relationships there is much hypocrisy, deceit, imposition, alienation, aggression, a fading generosity, duplicity, selfishness, lack of respect. Professors are concerned about extending the range of upstartism, of dilettantism, of hypocrisy, of careerism (the pursuit of privileged social position), the pride, superficiality, the nerve and lies. Subjects notified that a great threat - in this context - is (in summary) - encouraging and developing forms without substance (as in the case of individuals and institutions). Many activities are purely formal, only to be checked, to save face and to meet - in fact - the criteria for promotion and professional upstartism. However, for their part, research subjects act like honest looking people, respectful, self-exigent, serious and concerned about their own professional development. In short, they are lead by the principle of unity of action, thought and word;

The fundamental values higher education should instill in students: work (Table 5);

The value that will conserve/save humankind: love, appreciation of others (Table 6);

The values that future society needs: morality (Table 7)

When it comes to the last message they would address students at their last meeting, we noticed the importance investigated professors attach to dignity, to a life lived with honor, self-reliance, lifelong learning, love for others, hope and faith in their success in life, not wasting their time with dangerous and / or unnecessary things.

Summarizing, we can list a set of 7 prevailing values, which are common and hence typical of the samples we worked with: 1. morality; 2. love, appreciation of others; 3. faith in God; 4. quality; 5. professionalism; 6. competence; 7. work.

5. Conclusions and recommendations

As everyone can see - but it gets increasingly frequently overlooked - university professors are not only a source of knowledge for students and the representatives of leading research, but also a source of authentic values. Therefore, special attention should be given to the values they believe in. They influence the beliefs, choices, motivations, aspirations and attitudes of future generations of intellectuals. It is appropriate, therefore, the development / extension of this research by including other universities as well, other categories of academics (less than 20 years experience). It is also welcome, we believe, to implement a development program regarding the axiological dimension of professors in the academic environment.

References

Frankl, V. - (2009), Omul m cautarea sensului viefii, Bucure§ti: Editura Meteor Press Vlasceanu, L. - (2007), Sociologie §i modernitate, Ia§i: Editura Polirom Yalom, I. D. - (2010), Psihoterapie existenfiala, Bucure§ti: Editura Trei Zohar, D., Marshall, I. - (2011), Inteligenfa spirituals, Bucure§ti, Editura Vellant