Scholarly article on topic 'Assessment of diastolic efficiency of blood transit through normal and dysfunctional left ventricles'

Assessment of diastolic efficiency of blood transit through normal and dysfunctional left ventricles Academic research paper on "Medical engineering"

CC BY
0
0
Share paper
OECD Field of science
Keywords
{""}

Academic research paper on topic "Assessment of diastolic efficiency of blood transit through normal and dysfunctional left ventricles"

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance

BioMed Central

Poster presentation

Assessment of diastolic efficiency of blood transit through normal and dysfunctional left ventricles

Jonatan Eriksson*1, Petter Dyverfeldt1, Tino Ebbers1, Ann F Bolger2, Jan Engvall1 and Carl Johan Carlhäll1

Open Access

Address: 1Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden and 2University of San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA * Corresponding author

from 13th Annual SCMR Scientific Sessions Phoenix, AZ, USA. 21 -24 January 2010

Published: 21 January 2010

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2010, 12(Suppl l):PI86 doi:l0.ll 86/ I532-429X-I2-SI-PI86

This abstract is available from: http://jcmr-online.com/content/I2/SI/PI86 © 20I0 Eriksson et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Objective

To measure the kinetic energy (KE) loss of blood transit through the left ventricle (LV) during diastole in normal and failing hearts.

Background

Heart failure represents the final stage of the continuum of cardiovascular diseases. In the failing heart, alterations in LV flow behavior have been recognized and may contribute to the vicious cycle of progressive adverse remodeling. Assessment of the efficiency of blood transiting the LV throughout diastole remains incomplete.

Method

Seven dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients (4 female, aged 52 ± 14 years, ejection fraction 43 ± 5% [mean ± SD]) and six healthy subjects (3 female, aged 58 ± 4 years) were studied. 4D velocity data and morphological b-SSFP images were acquired on a 1.5 T MRI-scanner (Philips Achieva). The LV endocardium was segmented (http:// segment.heiberg.se) from the short axis images at the times of isovolumetric contraction (IVC) and isovolumet-ric relaxation (IVR). Pathlines were emitted from the IVC LV blood volume and traced forward and backward in time until IVR, thus including the entire cardiac cycle. The IVR volume was used to determine if and where the traces left the LV. This information was used to automatically separate inflow pathlines into two components [1]: direct flow that enters and leaves the LV within the same cardiac cycle, and retained inflow that does not leave the LV

within a single cardiac cycle. By knowing the volume occupied by each trace, its velocity and the density of blood, the change in KE was calculated from the time of the traces' entrance into the LV (by crossing a plane at the mitral annulus) until the time of IVC.

Figure!

Bar graph showing direct flow and retained inflow relative total LV inflow (mean ± SD) in the six health subjects and seven patients with dialated cardiomyopathy (DCM). *P < 0.00I compared to direct flow in healthy subjects, and **P < 0.00I compared to retained inflow in health subjects.

Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance 2010, 12(Suppl 1):P186

http://jcmr-online.com/content/12/S1/P186

Figure2

Total change in kinetic energy throughout disastole for direct flow and retained inflow normalized by the volume of each component (mean ± SD) in the six health subjects and seven patients with dilated cardi-omyopath (DCM). *P < 0.01 compared to retained inflow in health subjects, and **P < compared to retained inflow in DCM.

Results

The direct flow/total LV inflow ratio was lower and the retained inflow/total LV inflow ratio was higher in DCM versus healthy subjects (48 ± 4 vs 67 ± 8 %, P < 0.001, and 52 ± 4 vs 33 ± 8 %, P < 0.001, respectively) (Figure 1). The kinetic energy loss per mL blood was higher for retained inflow versus direct flow in both groups (0.04 ± 0.02 vs

0.02 ± 0.01 mJ/mL, P < 0.01) (Figure 2).

Conclusion

Although the severity of LV dysfunction was only mild to moderate, the retained inflow represented a significantly larger part of the total inflow in myopathic LVs relative to normal LVs. In both groups, a smaller conservation of KE/ mL during diastole was observed in the retained inflow compared to the direct flow. Excess KE loss may contribute to the elevated LV filling pressures and progressive adverse remodeling in the failing heart.

References

1. Eriksson , et al.: ISMRM flow workshop 2009:p47.

Publish with BioMedCentral and every scientist can read your work free of charge

"BioMed Central will be the most significant development for disseminating the results of biomedical research in our lifetime." Sir Paul Nurse, Cancer Research UK

Your research papers will be:

• available free of charge to the entire biomedical community

• peer reviewed and published immediately upon acceptance

• cited in PubMed and archived on PubMed Central

• yours — you keep the copyright

Submit your manuscript here: f J BioMedcentral

http://www.biomedcentral.com/info/publishing_adv.asp ^