Scholarly article on topic 'Are Computer Education Teacher Candidates Ready for M-Learning?'

Are Computer Education Teacher Candidates Ready for M-Learning? Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

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Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — Fezile Ozdamli, Emrah Soykan, Ezgi Pelin Yıldız

Abstract Known that the mobile devices used by a wide section of daily life. In this context our study, the opinions of teacher candidates towards using of mobile learning devices and applications. The research was conducted with in the frame of general survey model and questionnaires. 2011-2012 fall semester of the research group of this study consisted of 216 students of Near East University, Computer Education and Instructional Technology Department. CEIT students study results to determine whether they are ready for mobile learning are discussed. According to the results of e-learning applications previously attended the majority of students were determined. It seems that students use the internet every day. They want to use mobile learning applications in courses.

Academic research paper on topic "Are Computer Education Teacher Candidates Ready for M-Learning?"

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Procedía - Social and Behavioral Sciences 83 (2013) 1010 - 1015

2nd World Conference on Educational Technology Researches - WCETR2012

Are Computer Education teacher candidates ready for M-Learning?

Fezile Ozdamli a *, Emrah Soykana, Ezgi Pelin Yildiz a

aDepartment of Computer Education and Instructional Technology,Near East University,Nicosia,Cyprus

Abstract

Known that the mobile devices used by a wide section of daily life. In this context our study, the opinions of teacher candidates towards using of mobile learning devices and applications. The research was conducted with in the frame of general survey model and questionnaires. 2011-2012 fall semester of the research group of this study consisted of 216 students of Near East University, Computer Education and Instructional Technology Department. CEIT students study results to determine whether they are ready for mobile learning are discussed. According to the results of e-learning applications previously attended the majority of students were determined. It seems that students use the internet every day. They want to use mobile learning applications in courses.

©2013TheAuthors.Published byElsevierLtd.

Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Hafize Keser Ankara University, Turkey

Keywords: Mobile devices, Teacher candidates, Mobile learning;

1. Introduction

Today with the rapid change and development in information technologies, interactive learning materials for the course content to people paying enough attention to be allocated time, internet and computer use in education and training, supporting the progress of individual requirements offering the desired speed and distance education have attracted the attention of many people.

Development of new technologies has led to changes in process of learning and teaching especially computer-based systems in higher education (Tuncay and Uzunboylu, 2010). The sped of the rich and effective learning resources and more flexible learning has proven to provide great benefit to the students. In 2000s health services related to the technology industry with offices provide convenience to people's lives in home environments and similar areas are considered in all areas. As expected, these developments have gained momentum only in the field of education is not limited to these areas. Not show much difference in terms of development of technological tools to expand the scope of use is now slowly began to recover from being fixed.

Learn how mobile learning can benefit from learning opportunity offered by mobile technologies is not a predetermined or fixed in one place is a form of learning environments. Mobile learning needs to receive development of basic educational help and support to help develop skills to use information and communication

Corresponding Author: "Fezile Ozdamli (*)" . Tel.: +90-533- 843-3457 E-mail address: fozdamli@neu.edu.tr

1877-0428 © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Hafize Keser Ankara University, Turkey doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.188

technologies in their area. In addition their enormous mobile learning technologies contribution to lifelong learning and informal learning.

Areas of mobile computing with mobile learning and e-learning and assessment resulting from a particular place without depending on access to e-learning content to communicate with others that are dynamically generated and utilizing the services of a learning format.

Today as technologies providing access to information at any time without depending on environment and the move to professional development learning opportunities of academics that are in the forefront use mobile technologies. In recent years important developments has been observed in the field of mobile computing. Mobile devices include the spread between the laptop and tablet computers. The strengthening of the major advances in portable media players and smart phones.

Using their own or together with mobile devices have the possibility to wireless connection, Bluetooth and infrared connectivity, GPRS connection possibilities have been used increasingly. Information between mobile devices and transfer between the different formats as well as their storage have seen significant improvements in technology. In addition mobile devices perform most operations to being simple and portable computers performed. But the bandwidth and the text input, the charge rate is low compared with computers. Capabilities from the outset with the development of mobile phones in inverse proportion to the size of meshes with thew situation. Internal access is now considered common features of the devices for the voice message service, short message service features such as camera applications even include video recordings.

A mobile learning environment to be established, so this kind of learning without aware of the need for lifelong learning, for learners with learning of their own time and place at any time and will provide independent learning. Known that the mobile devices used by a wide section of daily life. In this context our study, the opinions of teacher candidates towards using of mobile learning devices and applications.

Related Researchers

Gromik indicated that increase the confidence of students learning a foreign language mobile devices and video recordings made by performing the spoken word.

Kim et al (2012), investigated the effectiveness of game-based mobile learning model for children to develop. They observed that Indian study conducted on 210 children between the ages of 6-14 based on the game-based technologies mobile learning and instruction by adults to children playing games performed by cognitive behaviors.

According to study a result of Sha et al. (2012) work by separating the two groups of students of all ages student self-regulatory skills during learning difficulties, although in terms of mobile learning applications on their own learning environments in support of its motion and that metacognitive behavior that plays an important role in the realization.

Another study which the level of awareness of mobile learning research by faculty members and graduate students for the study participants awareness of mobile learning and mobile learning for the operation of subdimensions has been found that differences in levels of awareness.

Sarah said that by sending MMS in the form of words that we regard as visual and audio pronunciation became more permanent memory. By the use of web-based study of mobile Technologies in teaching students in exploring the perceptions of web based instruction on the use of mobile Technologies. For tihs purpose different types of mobile devices that can be accessed by a mobile portal of the learning has been developed. The portal consists of a mobile information system a course with a list of the research.

According to the results students like the use of mobile technologies in lessons. Results of the students using mobile devices but the cost of data communication security is very important that they did not give much importance to the revealed. Impact of mobile learning aims to determine the university's study of college students training and education in the business world has develop different perspectives on mobile learning expectations and the gender of the university education after graduating from completing the term.

2. Aim

The purpose of this study is to determine whether teacher candidates are ready to use mobile learning. In order to achieve this purpose answered the following questions:

e Did students attend e-learning applications previously? e How many hours a day the students are using the internet? e Are students use mobile devices for connect to internet? e Do students want to participate mobile learning applications? e How is mobile device using competencies of the students?

e Is there a significant difference towards mobile device using competencies according to gender?

4. Method

The research was conducted with in the frame of general survey model and questionnaires. 2011-2012 fall semester of the research group of this study consisted of students of Near East University, Computer Education and Instructional Technology Department. The number of students who participated in the application and evaluation of valid responses n = 216. 23.6% of the students were females and 76.4% were male. Study group to reflect the fact that gender distribution was determined for the selected students. The average age of the students also participated in the study was determined as 22. At this study as a data collection, level of mobile device usage and personal information form has been used which is developed by Ozdamli (2011). Data's has been collected at 2011-2012 spring semester. In the analysis of the data obtained from the research, mean, standart deviation and frequency were applied. Statistical analysis were done using the package programme called SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences).

5. Results

The results and the comments obtained through the aims of the research have been explained. Findings related to the level of teachers towards mobile learning are as follows;

E-learning applications

CEIT students on their participation in e-learning applications are given in table 1.

Tablel - IE-Learning Applications.

N Percent

Attending 134 62.0

Not Attending 82 38.0

Total 216 100.0

As shown in the table above than 62% of students participated in the e-learning applications, 38% never attended. According to findings from a large majority of students were familiar with e-learning applications.

Time They Spend on Mobile Devices

Table below shows us frequency of use of mobile devices.

CEIT students' daily hours of internet usage analysis to determine the results in Table 2 are given in the table.

Table2 - Daily use internet hours_

_N_Percent

Less than an hour 8 3.7

1-2 hour 74 34.3

3-7 hour 68 31.5

More than 7 hours_66_30.6

Total 216 100.0

3.7% percent as shown in the table above, the students use the internet at least an hour a day. 34.3% of uses of the Internet and two hours a day. Some 31.5% of the uses of the Internet is seen three times a day to seven hours. 30.6% of students in the remaining seven hours a day and seven hours of Internet use has emerged. According to these data obtained can say that all of the students use the Internet on a daily basis. According to these data obtained we can say that all of the students use the Internet on a daily basis.

Internet access on mobile devices:

To determine students' mobile devices; connections to the Internet and the analysis results given in Table 3.

Table 3 - internet connection.

N Percent

Have connection 158 73.1

Have not connection 58 26.9

Total 216 100.0

According to these data obtained from study participants, 73.1% of students turned out to be the mobile phone internet connection.

Status of mobile learning applications that wanted/unwanted students:

CEIT students to use mobile learning applications to determine whether they are in the analysis results in Table 4

Table 4 - Mobile learning applications

N Percent

Want 191 88.4

Don't want 25 11.6

Total 216 100.0

As shown in the table above, 88.4% of the students want to use m-learning applications classes. CEIT students' capabilities in mobile devices

Students to use mobile devices to determine the levels of mean, SD analysis results are given in table 5.

Table 5 - Students use levels of mobile devices.

N Minimum Maximum Mean Std. Deviation

iPod 216 1.00 5.00 2.94 1.59

Tablet Computer 216 1.00 5.00 3.06 1.54

Portable Playstation 216 1.00 5.00 3.16 1.65

iPhone 216 1.00 5.00 3.23 1.61

Smart Phone 216 1.00 5.00 3.25 1.58

PersonalDijital Asistant(PDA) 216 1.00 5.00 3.29 1.29

Media Player 216 1.00 5.00 4.05 1.17

Laptop 216 1.00 5.00 4.52 0.66

Mobile Phone 216 2.00 5.00 4.60 0.66

Total 216 1.00 5.00 3.57 0.99

Their opinions about students' proficiency level best to use mobile devices in general; very good level mobile phone and laptop computer can be used by students has emerged. However, levels were found able to use of media player is a good level. Students can be used by middle level emerged playstation portable tablet computers ipod iphone smart phone and PDAs. According to the findings obtained from these devices, mobile phones and laptops to be used by the best students. The reason for this is that students are using these devices constantly in everyday life.

Mobile device using levels of students according to gender

CEIT students use mobile devices to determine the qualifications differ according to gender of opinions concerning the man-Whitney U test was performed.

Table 6 - Male and Female students' use qualification of mobile devices.

Sex N Mean Park Sum of Ranks

Male 51 92.43 4714.00

Female 165 113.47 18722.00

Total 216

Test Statistics

Mann-Whitney U 3388.000

Wilcoxon W 4714.000

Z -2.110

Asymp. Sig. (2-tailed) .035

a.Grouping Variable: Sex P<0.5

As shown in table 6 CEIT students to use the capabilities of mobile learning devices differ according to gender. Adequacy of using mobile learning devices, male students were higher than female students. Ozdamli (2011) in her study with secondary school similar to that reached similar conclusions.

Conclusion

CEIT students study results to determine whether they are ready for mobile learning are discussed. According to the results of e-learning applications previously attended the majority of students were determined. It seems that students use the internet every day. Other than a finding that the majority of students appeared the mobile phone internet connection. They want to use a large proportion of the students concluded classes of mobile learning applications. If we look at the level of the students to use their mobile devices, mobile phones and laptop computers can be used by a very good level, the better the usage of Ipod. We say that the students could rely on a good level of mobile devices in general. If we look at other aspects of a device used by students with the best level of the reason for cell phones and laptop computers, students can connect these devices in daily life situation of constant use. According to gender was last seen proficiency of students to use these devices differ. The level of use of mobile devices has emerged male students higher than female students. In general it is concluded that students' mobile learning applications and willing enough. To improve teachers' competence in these applications, the experts on this subject can organize workshops with teachers. Academics, teachers and volunteers can perform applications.

Through the work of the mobile learning today continuing the problems and deficiencies in terms of both technical and communication slowly eliminated use m-learning applications and will be an important part of education is already possible to say recently.

In conclusion we can say that students are ready for m-learning applications.

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