Scholarly article on topic 'Improving of Communication and Presentation Skills of the Universities’ Students Through e-Learning'

Improving of Communication and Presentation Skills of the Universities’ Students Through e-Learning Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

CC BY-NC-ND
0
0
Share paper
OECD Field of science
Keywords
{E–learning / "life education" / "presentation skills" / research}

Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — Adriana Csikosova, Andrea Senova, Katarina Culkova

Abstract We live in information society, in which internet has became necessary media that is needy for the work, education, information and contacts. Authors in the contribution show to the necessity of communication and humanization during education process of the universities’ students with technical orientation, mainly through e-learning activities that are necessary part of living style of present young generation. In the contribution there is inscribed attention to the whole road of capabilities and skills for work and whole life education through e-learning. It indicates that in present time universities and colleges must elaborate and realize education programs for obtaining and improving of key competencies of the students. Part of the contribution is also presentation of information and evaluation of research, orientated to the using of concrete forms of e-learning at the Technical University.

Academic research paper on topic "Improving of Communication and Presentation Skills of the Universities’ Students Through e-Learning"

Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

SciVerse ScienceDirect PfOCSCl ¡0

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 (2012) 2847 - 2851

WCES 2012

Improving of communication and presentation skills of the universities'students through e - learning

Adriana Csikosovaa *, Andrea Senovab, Katarina Culkovac

aTechnwaI University of Kosice, Faculty of mining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Management, Park

Komenského 19, 042 Ol Kosice, Slovakia b Technical University ofKosice, Faculty ofmining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Management, Park

Komenského 19, 042 01 Kosice, Slovakia cTechnical University of Kosice, Faculty of mining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Ma nagement, Park

Komenského 19, 042 01 Kosice, Slovakia

Abstract

We live in information society, in which internet has became necessary media that is needy for the work, education, information and contacts. Authors in the contribution show to the necessity of communication and humanization during education process of the universities' students with technical orientation, mainly through e-learning activities that are necessary part of living style of present young generation. In the contribution there is inscribed attention to the whole road of capabilities and skills for work and whole life education through e-learning. It indicates that in present time universities and colleges must elaborate and realize education programs for obtaining and improving of key competencies of the students. Part of the contribution is also presentation of information and evaluation of research, orientated to the using of concrete forms of e-learning at the Technical University.

© 2012 Published b y Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu Keywords: E - learning, life education, presentation skills, research ;

1. Introduction

Increasing of the level of final evaluation for universities students with impact to the testing objectivization with using of new information - communication technologies with principle of e-learning presents new access during process of universities students evaluation in various subjects of correspondent study program. Learning becomes a lifelong process. Organizations are increasingly starting to develop their own education systems. To be effective training must be systematic and properly managed. Training providee should then be evaluated with respect to expectations and the impact on efficiency and effectiveness of the organization, and thus to obtain a basis for future plans to improve staff training (Sutôova, 2009).

Article is dealing with using of U Lern environment in pedagogical process at the Technical University Kosice in Slovakia. It gives information about possibility to use such support tool during creation of multimedial materials and documents for the students, it describes whole organization process during using of these documents and students evaluation through electronic tests. In the contribution there is visual illustration of U Lern support for elaborated study texts, description of the environment and orientation to the e-portals. U Lern platform enables teachers to

ELSEVIER

* Adriana Csikosova. Tel.: +421-55-602 2929 E-mail address: adriana.csikosova@tuke.sk

1877-0428 © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.575

create by simple way multimedial study tests that content basic data about work author, key words, tasks layout for the individual work, testing of studying problems and feed back with evaluation, it enables to create study texts in various forms that can be presented also at the web sides. Instalation of such application software is very simple and comfort, where there is its great conveniences. Advantage of e-learning support for the students is possibility to study problem area at the internet, access to the study materials, knowing how to prove knowledge by the way of layouts and tests or by the way of case studies, videos, animations of production processes, etc. According to Bajtos (2008), modern tool of proving and evaluation of results from education process and process of learning are very extended and internationally using didactic tests. Such way of students evaluation is applying according principle of e-learning using with new information and communication technologies using for the universities students with possibility to use it also in area of distance education and external study. This process enables to control knowledge, skills of the students, to evaluate their quality through index of validity and reliability and it is proper motivation and stimulation tool for development of students knowledge.

Everyone's life is a process full of contradictions, which requires a solution of less or more complex load situations. They are milestones on our path through life. Their requirements test our adaptability, set demands on health, physical fitness and mental strength of each of us. The load situations are not generally undesirable because they contribute to the mobilization of psychic forces, encourage learning, exploring new routes, stimulate further developmrnt of human personality (Sole, Sutoova, 2009).

In the text we orientate due to the limited extend mainly for evaluation of research results (using of concrete forms of e-le^^g at the Technical University Kosice in Slovakia).

2. Using of U Lern environment for e-learning support

Using of didactical forms and tools during universities education is in present time first rate demand from the side of students (Antosova, 2008, p.35). Due to the fact that there are still rising problems with expert literature availability for the students, publishing of expert literature is financially very expensive and faculties do not have enough of financial sources, assigned for the publishing of expert monographs, there is preffered in the pedagogical process using of e-learning as a form of education with combination with classical lectures.

Full level of e-learning support of the subject includes previous two levels, moreover there is assumed that pedagog dispose with multimedial study materials and he is using electronic tests for students evaluation.

Whole principle of functionning lies in the fact that pedagog is preparing multimedial study materials that are stocking in the multimedial stock at the e-portal. Students have open access to the given materials through the password and they can use them during their studying. This form of electronic study texts is convenient for the students and most of all from their side comes demands to place study materials at the internet. Convenience of this form of education is mainly rapid access to the study literature, possibility to study in the time and space that is conveniet for the student, there is no limitation during using of expert literature as it s in the special library, study materials can be fullfilled with video demonstration, presentations, animations that can enable to understand problems, there is also discussion club, in which students can ask and deal with questions about learning subject, etc. Disadvantage is firstly financing and creation of e-portal, primary registration of the students, orientation in the new environment, as well as internet availability for the students and teachers (Teplicka, Cepova, 2011).

Platform U Lern enables to create electronic study materials by very simple way. Environment is created by U Lern Producer that presents two levels of study text, mainly lessons and pages of lessons. Except of this basic structure we can have access to the basic information about educated subject, for example its title, description, author, ISBN, key words, statistics, help, titles of the individual lessons, as well as titles of the individual pages of the lessons (see Figure 1).

Figure 1. Practical application of study texts in the U Lern application

Whole multimedia course that is created for the given subject can be fulfilled by animations, videos, video conferences, virtual classes, sound records, etc. Platform U Lern enables creation of multimedia courses through lessons; meanwhile every lesson consists from several pages that are marked as study units. Basic study units are created by multimedia side in various formats (for example doc, html, pdf, ppt a pod.). Part of the lessons can be also audio - video files, tasks, tests, key words that fulfilled study materials and enable students to study given problem more easily and to orientate in the terms and at the same time to evaluate their knowledge through the tests. Single preparation of such material demands systematic thought out concept, since individual chapters must be created gradually. But during creation of study materials there is necessary to accept basic demands, for example formulation of goals, aims, students motivation, content of the individual chapters, form of data presentation, that means using of graphs, tables, schemes, text comprehensibility, language accuracy, ergonomic demands, text elements, other elements, orientation apparatus, etc. Study texts should be elaborated in high expert, as well as formal level (Teplicka, 2010).

3. Goal of methodology for research of e -learning support using at the Technical University in Kosice

Main goals of the research was primarily to provide picture about present situation and using of ICT and to analyze connections during performing of e-learning communication at the individual faculties of Technical University in Kosice. Research was realized in the frame of Slovak republic.

Subject of our research was mapping and evaluation of effectiveness of e-learning communication using by students at the individual faculties of our university. Object of the research, as it was already mentioned, was 9 faculties that are structured in the frame of organization structure to the Technical University, and by this way there is rising assumption for using of broad scale of various forms and activities, performing during applying of e-learning communication, finding of students number, their interest about ICT using during universities study. Our task was therefore to state influence of using of new organizational form of information and communication technologies, education through e-learning, due to the increasing of students' education level, as well as pedagogical work of the teachers at the various levels of education and in the frame of condition at concrete faculty.

Research sample: During the research we have referred to the students of every 9 faculties from the University, concretely we have addressed 1 000 respondents of daily and external study form that had been source of relevant information. Questionnaries have been delivered to the students personally, as well as by electronic way (to the

email box of the students addresses). Structure of research sample according sex is as follows: 385 men and 240 women that presents in percentage expression 61,6% men and 38,4% women.

Data collection: Questionnary was used for data collection as information carrier. We have chosen it as a method for data collection that enables to address big number of respondents in very short time. We have used in this questionnary open questions, semi open and closed ones that provided filling and simple elaboration of the results, as well as possibility to take own opinion. We have provided for the respondents anonymity of obtained data. We have evaluated 625 returned and filled questionnaries, which presents 62,5%. Empirical research had been realized during September - November 2011. Hypothesis for research monitored following goals:

1. to find out, if students use e-learning form of communication during their study (system Moodle, U Lern environment),

2. to find out, at what faculties there is working with e-learning, at what faculties it is not used,

3. to find out, if students are satisfied with cooperation during e-learning study with teachers,

4. to find out, if students are communicatind mutually also among themselves during their tasks solving, layouts, case studies also in time except the education (without their teacher - tutor),

5. to find out, if teachers are using in U Lern environment various animations, videos, didactical tests, electronic books, study materials, electronic tests for evaluation, proving of the students.

There were formulated four hypothesis according own reasons:

H1: More then a half of bachelory form students did not meet, respectively did not have possibility to try e-learning form of study and more than majority of the students in engineering form of study is using e-learning form regularly.

H2: More then a half of faculties at TU are using during university education e-learning form of communication between teacher and student.

H3: Only one third of faculties teachers, where there is applying e-learning use in U Lern environment didactical or electronic test for proving of students' knowledge.

H4: More than a half of respondents from providing possibilities of U Lern environment evaluate mostly study material and electronic books that are necessary for the studying.

For verification of these hypothesis we have used also quantitative research (correlation analysis), during which we have proved, resp. disproved correlation relation between performed analyses. During questionarry evaluation there were used statistical methods, tables, pie and column graphs. We have searched average values, standard discrepancies and correlation of the individual elements.

4. Results and interpretation

Due to the extend results of the empirical research we have chosen for the need of this contribution following results:

Hypothesis H1: From this characteristics it is resulting that yet 70% of students from bachelory study in daily nad external form did not meet with U Lern environment. Contrary, yet 80% of students from engineering form are communicating regularly with their tutor or with other students also extra education time (during the evenings). Teacher has divided these students to the groups and students can change necessary information for elaboration of the layouts for the seminar. One day during the week teacher is at the internet net at the evening (commonly from 20.00 to 22.00 h). students are communicating among themselves through system MOODLE in the U Lern environment. This hypothesis is accepted.

Hypothesis H2: From the questionnaries it results that only at three faculties U Lern environment is functionning actively. At one faculty it is used only partially, since only few teachers use this environment. This hypothesis is rejected.

Hypothesis H3 and H4: Mutual connection among hypothesis is great, since majority of the students are really using during their study electronic sources (more than 65%) and they do not like testing of their knowledge by electronic tests with concrete conditions. From the open questions it is obvious that more than 55% of respondents incline to the written way of expression, proving of their knowledge, where they can express their various definition, opinions, knowledge or to write about their knowledge by case study. Only 25% of teachers are using e-learning for testing of their students electronic way. These hypothesis are accepted.

Partial results of the research:

• E- learning presents more flexibility during the study, students can decide by themselves, when and where and how long they will study. During this way of study they can use tutors support, they can communicate among themselves, to work at the individual layouts in groups and to participate at the discussion on the interestant theme. E learning can be viewed as modern tool for multimedial teaching on the base of internet, meanwhile multimedial tools are exposed at the internet or distributed by CD or DVD. During evaluation of e-learning and classical education we can state that e-learning presents effectively used information technology during education and it contributes significantly to the increasing of classical education level.

• In the practice we meet many times also with the opinion that universities teachers are important experts from the practice, but they do not know didactical part of the education, they are not forced to the increasing of their pedagogical skills.

• As for the student's response to this way of education, we can say that it contributes to the lucidity of the study problems, students consult study problems more and more, this form enables to remove administrative, education, and health barriers of the students. But students do not like electronic testing.

Acknowledgements

The chapter is a partial output of a research project in Slovak republic VEGA No. 1/0270/08 called: Proposal for a model of knowledge management in business and evaluation of investments in human capital as a prerequisite to increase the competitiveness of the subjects.

References

Antosova, M. (2008). Manazmentfudskychzdrojovv praxi.(1. vyd ). Kosice : ES FBERG TU.

Bajtos, J. (2008). Vybrané state z didaktiky vysokej skoly. (l.vyd ). Kosice: Technickâ univerzita v Kosiciach, Katedra inzmierskej pedagogiky.

Teplicka, K. (2010) . Zvysovanie ûrovne pedagogického majstrovstva prostrednictvom e-learningu. In: Technolôgia vzdelâvania : slovenshy uciteV. Roc. 18, c. 1, 13-16. Spôsob pristupu: http://www.technologiavzdelavania.ukf.sk...

Teplicka K., Cepova, §. (2011). Systém zâverecného hodnotenia v prostredi e-learningu. - 1 elektronicty opticky disk (CD-ROM). In: UNINFOS 2011 : Univerzitné informacné systémy : zborntkprispevkov z konferertcie s medzinàrodnou ûcast'ou : 7. - 9. September 2011, Presov: EUNIS Slovensko, 144-148.

Sütöovä, A. (2009). Vyucba predmetu Riadenie Fudskych zdrojov v odbore Kvalita produkcie na Hutnickej fàkulte TU v Kosiciach In: Kvalita produkcie 2009. Zbornik prednäsok zo seminäru pedagögov studijného odboru Kvalita produkcie. Kosice : TU, 80-83.

Sole, M., Sütöovä, A.(2009). Effect of stress and psychological overload at work on performance of employees. In: Kvalita Inovacia Prosperita, Rocnik XHI/2-2009, 68-76.