Scholarly article on topic 'The Implications of Fuzzy Logic in Qualitative Mathematical Modeling of Some Key Aspects Related to the Sustainability Issues around “Roşia Montană Project”'

The Implications of Fuzzy Logic in Qualitative Mathematical Modeling of Some Key Aspects Related to the Sustainability Issues around “Roşia Montană Project” Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

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Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — Lucian Sîrb

Abstract This paper aims to address in terms of fuzzy logic the qualitative mathematical modeling of some key aspects that implies ensuring of sustainability within “Roşia Montană mining Project”, both from the business itself perspective, as well as from the community and ecological ones. The proposed fuzzy methodology is also very useful and can be successfully applied for any company that evolves in uncertainty and ambiguity conditions and within which the decisional factor reasoning is subjective, due to itself abstract thinking of human being in this kind of situations, which often manifests itself through qualitative linguistic values. In this context, the development of a fuzzy methodology embedded in a fuzzy software tool developed in Java programming language for solving this aspects in a quickly and realiable manner represents an efficient opportunity for treating any ambiguous decisional context, especially within “Roşia Montană mining Project”.

Academic research paper on topic "The Implications of Fuzzy Logic in Qualitative Mathematical Modeling of Some Key Aspects Related to the Sustainability Issues around “Roşia Montană Project”"

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Procedía Economics and Finance 6 (2013) 372 - 384

International Economic Conference of Sibiu 2013 Post Crisis Economy: Challenges and

Opportunities, IECS 2013

The Implications of Fuzzy Logic in Qualitative Mathematical Modeling of Some Key Aspects related to the Sustainability Issues

around "Ro§ia Montana Project"

Lucian Sirba*

aFaculty of Economics and Business Administration, "West" University, Timi§oara, Romania

Abstract

This paper aims to address in terms of fuzzy logic the qualitative mathematical modeling of some key aspects that implies ensuring of sustainability within "Ro§ia Montana mining Project", both from the business itself perspective, as well as from the community and ecological ones. The proposed fuzzy methodology is also very useful and can be successfully applied for any company that evolves in uncertainty and ambiguity conditions and within which the decisional factor reasoning is subjective, due to itself abstract thinking of human being in this kind of situations, which often manifests itself through qualitative linguistic values. In this context, the development of a fuzzy methodology embedded in a fuzzy software tool developed in Java programming language for solving this aspects in a quickly and realiable manner represents an efficient opportunity for treating any ambiguous decisional context, especially within "Ro§ia Montana mining Project".

© 2013 TheAuthors.PublishedbyElsevierB.V.

Selection and peer-reviewunderresponsibilityof Facultyof Economic Sciences,LucianBlagaUniversityofSibiu. Keywords: fuzzy logic; sustainability; multicriteria decision.

1. Introduction

In Romania, in the current period, there are a lot of debates in the media on the topic of economic recovery, through reviving the mining industry having as promoter the "Ro§ia Montana Project", as well as many media, political and social pressures, which are made especially through media channels, both for, as well as against of this

* Corresponding author:

E-mail address: luciansirb86@yahoo.com

2212-5671 © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Selection and peer-review under responsibility of Faculty of Economic Sciences, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu. doi: 10.1016/S2212-5671(13)00151-2

project, especially given the recent fabulous growth on the international markets of the price of gold, silver and of other strategic minerals. In the center of the field of this debates regarding the opportunity, necessity or on the contrary, the disapproval about the star of this project, is situated the mining company which intends to exploit the valuable mineral deposit, which thus must demonstrate that possesses the resources, capacities and the necessary tools in taking the best decisions as regarding ensuring of sustainability, both in terms of business itself and especially in terms of community and ecological and patrimonial environment. In this sense, Enz (2009, p. 9) states that a company can influence its environment in the purpose of making it less hostile and more favorable to organizational success. Therefore, we can mention that even within a mining company, the complexity of the actions that must be addressed to achieving success and organizational competitiveness is even greater as the company is situated in the heart of a multitude of stakeholders, interests and expectations, which must be fulfilled in a performant and responsible manner, having as basis the creation of a general climate for maintaining an advanced sustainable development from all points of view.

The strategic decisions that will be taken within "Ro§ia Montana Project" are extremely complex and also surrounded by risk and uncertainty. The impact of such a project, whether if we speak of the social, ecological or patrimonial one, is very high and taking some strategic decisions aimed the organizational and communitarian sustainability, as well as the implementation of the best strategies of CSR, involves some key directions that must be addressed in order to successfully fulfilled all desiderata. In this context, the quality of decisions and of the decision making process tools must be situated at a high level is possible, considering that most of times the selection of the appropriate selection variant depends on a certain number of factors or criteria, with different importance weights, often evaluated in a qualitative manner rather than a quantitative one. This aspect can be also correlated as regards the assessment of the performance potential of each decisional alternative with respect to this factors, which can also be a qualitative one, due to uncertainty and ambiguity that sometimes exist in different decisional situations encountered by decisional factors. Besides these aspects, is necessary also stressing that the reasoning of human decisional factors is often a subjective one, fact derived from the human abstract thinking itself. Therefore, designing of a fuzzy methodological tool of decision making in these condition about I previously mentioned, doubled by using of a informatical software developed in Java programming language, in order to provide most reliable, accurate and quickly results to decisional factors who are facing with different situations of uncertainty, represents an efficient qualitative approach within any organization, but especially within a large scale mining project such as this from Ro§ia Montana and in which ensuring sustainability represents the basic premise for its functioning and for stakeholders agreement regarding this.

Much more, to counter and mitigate the risks and uncertainties arisen due to globalization and continuous change, besides to the application of this methodological tool based on fuzzy logic and of some relevant and opportune strategies depending on turbulence factors, the mining company from Ro$ia Montana joined to the UN Global Compact Principles (2010), by taking a commitment of annual reporting and communication of progress in implementing the 10 principles of this standard, in fields such as human rights, conditions at the workplace, the surrounding environment and anti-corruption. This engagement represents for any company a strategic management initiative and of application of some fair and transparent business practices, assumed at the highest level from organization. Moreover, the alignment to various international standards such as ISO 26000 (2010), the adoption of a reporting framework based on key performance indicators in the field of corporate social responsability or measuring the progress by benchmarking represents alternatives for a high performance of business strategy and for achieving a high image and confidence among the public opinion and of various stakeholders around the company. I mention this because in the contemporary days, the implementation by companies of some coherent strategies of community sustainability and of corporate responsability, it overlaps or often identifies with the business sustainability, a welcome evolution which places social responsability and sustainability in the strategic core of business operations.

2. Literature review

The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (2000, p.7) argues that sustainable development requires the integration of social, environmental and economical considerations, in order to take balanced judgments on long term. The sustainable development is a long-term goal of a firm, rather than a business practice (Hamner,

1996, p. 667). The sustainable development is an attempt to widen the narrow vision of the business on one line namely economic, by developing of an approach of type "triple bottom line", by putting into balance the purposes of traditional economic prosperity with social equity and with concerns regarding environmental protection (Fernando, 2012). If in the past, the change in an industry was predictable and discontinuous and the time available for planning the change was sufficient, currently the companies, if it is that we look from a fuzzy perspective, are under a high competitive intensity, within which the change is rapid. Accordingly, the relationship between ecological and business environment or even the international trade is very important, due to the following aspects (Das Gandhi et al., 2006): both are global phenomena; the amplification of trade has led to economic growth, which leads to a demand for a cleaner environment; the trade is interwoven with risk of environmental degradation, such as the damages caused by the realocation of an organization; the environmental issues are used an non-tariff barriers in trade with developed countries (Jose and Sawhney, 2003). In this context, the globalization and international trade are growing the interdependence between business and environmental degradation. This aspects show the fact that globalization and international trade lead to the increase of the competition and ecological compliance and force industries to follow a proactive strategy, according to figure 1.

"en _o o

REACTIVE - -► PRO; i ACTIVE k

RESPONSIVE UNRES PONSIVE

Fig. 1. The grid of greening strategy

Source: Das Gandhi, N. M. D., Selladurai, V., Santhi, P., 2006. Unsustainable development to sustainable development: a conceptual model, Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Vol. 17 Iss: 6 p. 664.

The ecologization of industries corroborated with continuous improvement lead to sustainable development and to the appearance of "green productivity" sintagm, which basically is the driving force in the transition from regulatory compliance towards sustainable competitive advantage. Therefore, "green productivity" (GP) is a strategy

for enhancing productivity and environmental performance in order to overall socio-economic development. In other words, as said Saxena et al. (2003), productivity provides the framework for continuous improvement, while the environmental protection provides the foundation for sustainable development. This trend is more and more encountered in the companies which evolve in the contemporary economy, because there is an increased demand for providing of some "sustainable products", created within a sustainable business of company, which should take into account the considerations related to the corporate social responsibility and to the sustainable development of the environment generally. This aspects are more important as much as we talk about the operations of some companies which have a certain potential for generating pollution in the area in which they are operated, especially in the case of mining ones, such as is the "Ro§ia Montana Project".

According to Bonn and Fisher (2011), in order that sustainability initiatives to be efficacious, they must be addressed and supported by the following elements: the organization's vision, which incorporates the economic,

ecological and social aspects; a strategic process of decision making based on commitment of decisional factors on sustainability; a content of the strategy that makes the specific sending of sustainability to all organizational levels (corporate, business and functional) and an organizational culture that promotes and supports sustainability efforts.

It is important to emphasize that all these elements are interconnected and significantly influence one another. Becoming a sustainable organization, is a long and arduous process, which requires continuous capacity building and the attention of management and the need to integrate all sustainability initiatives so that they form a coherent whole.

Global Context

Fig. 2 Sustainability as integral part of strategy Source: Bonn, I., Fisher, J., 2011. Sustainability: the missing ingredient in strategy, Journal of Business Strategy, Vol. 32 Iss: 1 p. 6

Having all these premises insured, the sustainability provides opportunities for developing new business and products and can contribute in attracting of some employees more motivated and more loyal. The results obtained by Gallego-Alvarez et al. (2010) following their study made upon the most powerfull 120 European companies whom sustainability and CSR practices were analyzed by Deloitte and Kinchhoff in "The Good Company Ranking", show that all these companies which otherwise have adopted an active stance on CSR and on their organizational aspects and responsabilities related to sustainability, are better founded compared to other companies. In the same time, results show that all CSR practices, especially those related to enhancing and strengthening the image of a company, have a positive effect on value creation for shareholders, considering that investors are able to detect the level of corporate commitment in terms of sustainable development.

3. The proposed fuzzy methodology used within multicriteria selection process

It is well known that the purpose of all organizations in a competitive environment can be summarized in four words: to work more efficiently. Therefore, the business processes are under the imperative of taking the best decisions, otherwise they will not be able to be performed in an efficient matter, given the increasingly more competitive global environmental specific to information society and that's why the informatization or the use of

some expert systems in enterprises primarily aims to achieve this target: more rapid and more efficient decisions. Moreover, in the contemporary period in which we are living, it is increasingly emphasized the social role of the companies, especially regarding their impact related to sustainable development. In this context, the decisions to be taken are often multicriterial ones and are surrounded by uncertainty and in the same time by the subjectivity of human factor reasoning, fact that needs to be modelled by a qualitative tool based on fuzzy logic.

The methods of fuzzy multicriteria decision-making process have been developed due to the imprecision in assessing the relative importance of selection criteria and in subjective estimating of the performance of decisional alternatives with respect to these criteria. The imprecision may derive from several aspects: unquantifiable informations, incomplete informations, impossible obtainable informations and partly from ignorance. To overcome this obstacle, the fuzzy sets theory was developed to improve the reliability of decision making process under uncertainty (Bellman and Zadeh, 1970). According to Moreno-Jimenez et al. (2005), the selection process consists in three main stages, namely modeling, evaluation and synthesis. Thus, the first step consists in the construction of a hierarchy, the second incorporates the judgments that reflect the preferences of actors involved in the selection process and finally the third step provides the priorities after comparing the alternatives.

In the case of fuzzy multicriteria decision making issues, which otherwise represent the main qualitative modeling tool used in this article, the decision makers use linguistic values associated to their related linguistic variables to assess the importance weight of selection criteria and also to estimate or to evaluate the potential performance of each selection decisional alternative with respect to these criteria in order to select for implementation the most suitable option, either that we are talking about sustainable plan, about human resources, suppliers, technological scheme or other aspects from the mining field concerned in this paper. It also must be noticed that this methodology can be applied even in other decisional circumstances, depending on their level of compatibility with it. Based on the fuzzy methdology described in the following, I created a fuzzy software designed in the Java programming language, in order to be provided accurate, reliable and fast results, whose interface can be seen in next chapter.

The fuzzy logic reflects what people think and is proposing to shape the meaning of terms used in a context or another, the way how decisions are taken and the use of knowledge related to good sense or to the common sense. As a result, it helps the artifacts systems to become more human, that is intelligent systems. Zadeh (1965, 1999), considered the father of fuzzy logic, states that „the fuzzy term has concreteness, is immediately and descriptive and the fuzzy representation consists in using fuzzy sets theory and especially fuzzy logic as part of theory". The term of fuzzy logic in a broad sense, according to Zadeh (1965), is defined as: "The fuzzy logic is determined by a set of mathematical principles for knowledge representation based on degrees of membership and not on precisely in the sense of classical logic". In the abstract of his masterpiece article in this field of fuzzy logic, entitled "Fuzzy sets", which was practically the starter of new research, development and approach directions regarding the fuzzy logic, Zadeh (1965) defines the fuzzy sets as follows: (p. 338):

"A fuzzy set is a class of objects with continuous degrees of membership. Such a set is characterized by a membership function (characteristic) that assigns to each object a degree of membership which varies between 0 and 1. The notions of inclusion, union, intersection, complement, relation, convexity and others are extended to such sets and different properties of this notions are established in the context of fuzzy sets. Particularly, a separation theorem for the convex fuzzy sets is proven without the necessity that the fuzzy sets to be separated".

In order to select the most suitable decisional alternative, in our case those ones related to the plan for sustainable development, to the most suitable human resources and suppliers of dangerous materials, to the most suitable technological scheme for the "Ro§ia Montana Project" or other related issues, aspects that otherwise must be viewed as critical points in ensuring the sustainability of the project and implicitly of the community and that are often surrounded by uncertainty and ambiguity, it must be implemented the following steps of the fuzzy methodology that stands behind the informatical software designed in next chapter in Java programming language, as follows: 1. Defining the triangular fuzzy sets related to the importance of criteria considered for the decisional process, through fuzzification process, according to figure 3

Fig. 3 The fuzzy sets related to the importance of criteria

2. Defining the fuzzy sets related to the evaluation of performance of each alternative with respect to each selection criterion through the fuzzification process, according to figure 4

Fig. 4 The evaluation of performance of each alternative with respect to each selection criterion

3. Establishing the number of criteria (denote by n, where 7 = 1,...,n ).

4. Establishing the number of decisional alternatives (denote by m, where j = 1,...,m ).

5. Assessing the weight of performance of each criterion according to figure 3 so that all the weights will be transposed as a matrix with one column and n rows, denoted by I, so:

weight of impor tan ce—> criterion 1 weight of impor tan ce—> criterion 2

weight of impor tan ce— > criterion n

i = 1,...,n.

6. Assessing the potential performance of each alternative with respect to each criterion of selection according to figure 4 so that all the evaluations will be transposed in a matrix with m rows and n columns (mxn ), denoted by P, which has on each row the performance evaluation of each decisional alternative with respect to each selection criterion, so:

1 11 J12 ••• 1 1n

21 22 2n

\ m1 m2 "' mnJ

, where i = 1,...,n , j = 1,...,m .

7. By multiplying matrices P and I above, it will result the aggregate fuzzy matrix denoted by S from "solution", with 1 column and m rows, which will contain on every row the fuzzy scores corresponding to each alternative susceptible to be selected within decision-making process.

S=PxI=

1 11 1 12 '

V m1 m2

weight of impor tan ce— > criterion 1 weight of impor tan ce— > criterion 2

weight of impor tan ce— > criterion n

where i = 1,...,n , j = 1,...,m .

8. Because every row of matrix S contain a fuzzy score as the form of a triangular fuzzy number after

multiplying the matrices P and I, these score will be converted into real, fixed numbers, through the process of defuzzification, by using a common, useful and easy to use method, namely the centroid method, as follows: let S.= (s'1, s2, s3) from matrix S above, then

D(Sj ) =

s)+s2+s 3

where j = 1,...,m .

After comparing the real scores coresponding to each decisional alternative from the every j row ( j of matrix S, the alternative with the highest score will be the final decisional option selected for implementation.

= 1,...,m)

4. Practical case of proposed fuzzy methodology application

In the context of addressing sustainability issues from a fuzzy perspective in the specialty literature, it must be reminded the researchers Martinet and Reynaud (2004, p. 880), which contributed in understanding the role that organizations can perform in the society of our days, so they established that there is a complementary and antagonistic relationship between the two extremes: financial and sustainable. The authors assert that financial extreme is a result of all traditions of economic theory related to the theory of economic agent and to the most current notion namely corporate governance. Thus, the financial aspect refers to a short-term horizon, simplified, promoting growth models that seek control and risk concentration, as well as the adoption of formal procedures. On the other hand, the sustainable extreme would be on the opposite side of the financial extreme and would seek the long-term development of internal skills, diversification of the forms to manage the risks involved in business, as well as the concern related to the social management of employees and also the concern about the environmental impact of strategies undertaken by the organization. This process of transition from economic and financial logic towards sustainable logic implies the shift from a logic based on shareholders to a logic based on stakeholders, where all those interested on the company begin to be considered as important parts of the company. The excellence for sustainable development can be build on the triangle "person-organization-society" (Edgeman, 1998). One way to do this consists in redefining the priority of stakeholders. Excellence is required at all levels, which means that organizational excellence should promote the person and society excellence and in the same time to retain customer attention.

In the specialty literature there have been over time several approaches or models that have placed in their midst the concept of sustainability and/or of sustainability strategy. For example, from the "triple bottom line" perspective

model, sustainability and CSR are referring to complex problems, such as environmental protection, human resources management, health and safety at workplace, communication relationships with local mass media and not least the relationships with suppliers and consumers (Gallego-Alvarez et al, 2010).

CATALYSTS

Top management leadership

Management of quality

Uding of quality data and informations

Human resources management

Customer focus

Quality assurance of external suppliers

The process of Management

RESULTS

Corporate responsability

Operationaland quality results of the business

Fig. 5 Excellence in business

Sursa: Talwar, B., 2011. Comparative study of framework, criteria and criterion weighting of excellence models, Measuring Business Excellence, Vol. 15 Iss: 1 p. 54.

In this context, the selection issue in terms of excellence of some stakeholders such as potential employees or suppliers requires increased attention, especially within a mining project of such a scale such as the one from Rojia Montana, in which the ensuring of the sustainability premises represents a primordial aspect, which depends largely

by the quality of these stakeholders and by the use of highest quality information and data throughout the entire decisional making process, some of them being also of qualitative nature besides quantitative ones. Moreover, choosing the suitable technological scheme for the technological process which will take place within processing plant, taking into account the specificity of the ore from Ro$ia Montana, but also the surrounding environmental protection and implicitly the community sustainability ensuring and of life of stakeholders also who live within it, represents a key issue that can be successfully modeled using fuzzy methodology described in the previous chapter. Furthermore, we will see that running or compiling the data needed to resolve these problems according to fuzzy methodology, in an efficient and reliable manner, is facilitated by the informatical software developed in the Java programming language, so as to be provided the most accurate and pertinent results, in a quickest and timely manner for decisional factors within mining company from Ro§ia Montana. In this framework, the excellence models have the role to provide some directions in order to achieve sustainable profits, as well as regarding the development of people and planet. These models should lead companies closer to fulfillment of their final goal of long term satisfying the needs and desires of all stakeholders and of the global community.

Simultaneously, a truly integrated approach of sustainability must be conducted also from a national strategic perspective of national/corporate sustainability, to circumvent the problems in a proactively manner. In this sense, as a customization regarding the "Ro^ia Montana Project" case, the fuzzy methodology described in the previous chapter can be successfully implemented in terms of shaping or selecting of an integrated strategic plan or program of action well founded in order to achieve the performance conditions with respect to the implementation of an effectively and efficiently sustainable development policy, that take into account certain aspects related to corporate, community and implicitly national sustainability, viewed as a whole, from the perspective of an integrated symbiosis company-community-state or of some strategic public-private partnerships. This aspect is also in consonance with the Principles of ICCM (International Council on Mining and Metals, 2010), according to that any mining company "should cooperate with governments, industry and the others stakeholders to achieve appropriate and effective public policy, laws, regulations and procedures that facilitate the mining sector's contribution towards sustainable development, in the context of certain national sustainable development strategies".

Table 1. Linguistic evaluation of the selection criteria weight of importance

Criteria

Weight of criteria importance

Criterion (1) Criterion (2) Criterion (3) Criterion (4) Criterion (5) Criterion (6) Criterion (7) Criterion (8) Criterion (9) Criterion (10) Criterion (11) Criterion (12)

P I F I I

F I E I F P I I

P I F I F I E I I

Consequently, the informatical software interface designed in the Java programming language, in order to contribute in the delivery of some accurate, reliable and timely results, to solve the multicriterial decisional

problems taken into consideration in this chapter, but which otherwise can be applied also to other decisional circumstances of this type, looks like in the figures 6, 7 and 8 below. In this context, I mention that I hypothetically used a fuzzy multicriterial decision example containing 12 selection criteria and 5 decisional alternatives, from these following to be chosen the most suitable decisional alternative, depending on the fuzzy scores granted by decisional factor and manipulated using the software which compiles the data according to the fuzzy methodology described in previous chapter, after the linguistic evaluations of decisional factor.

Fig. 6. The software interface related to the linguistic evaluation of weight of selection criteria importance

Table 2. Linguistic evaluation of the potential performance of each decisional alternative with respect to each selection criterion

Decisional

Selection criteria

alternatives (i) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) (11) (12)

(i) S B M F S E S M B S E M B

(2) S B F S B M S E B S F S S M

(3) E S M B E F S M S B E S B

(4) S M E B S B F S M E M B B

(5) E S F S B M B S M F S E B M

Fig. 7. The software interface related to the linguistic evaluation of the potential performance of each decisional alternative with respect to each

selection criteria

After carrying out steps 7, 8 and 9 of the fuzzy methodology presented in the previous chapter, the informatical software designed in the Java programming language will provide the most suitable solution regarding the selection of the best decisional alternative, as it can be seen in figure 8 below.

Multi-fuzzy Selection Tool

File View Help

M; Aplicalie FMCDM - IECS 2013.xml QQQ

- Selectia celei mai bune alternative decizionale -

Criterii [ Calcul fuzzy J

Alternative Decisional alternative (3) Decisional alternative (4) (3G.8) (36.83)

1§ Decisional alternative (i) (36.5)

Calcul Decisional alternative (5) (32.27)

Decisional alternative (2) (23*67)

©Ml by jIti-fuzzy Selection tooL îrb «c/an

Fig. 8. The software interface related to the fuzzy calculation according to the implementation of the methodology presented in previous chapter

As it can be seen in the figure above, the decisional alternative (3) is the most suitable for the implementation, taking into account the subjective and qualitative assessments of the weight of selection criteria importance and of the potential performance of each decisional alternatives with respect to each selection criteria.

5. Conclusions

The companies in the contemporary period are facing more and more challenges in the perspective of survive and progress, due to the constantly changing environment, globalization, technological change and of increased competitiveness on the market. More than that, currently is increasingly more and more emphasized the issue of ensuring of community and environmental sustainability, in a mutual symbiosis with business sustainability, within the so-called "green productivity", to this context, the approach of the fuzzy methodology proposed in this article in solving of some decisional problems related to multicriterial selection of the most appropriate or best decisional alternatives in key aspects such as human resources, suppliers, technological scheme from technological process, strategic policies or plans in ensuring the sustainability, as well as in other decisional circumstances depending on the compatibility with the fuzzy methodology proposed, represents a performant and efficient qualitative mathematical tool in taking the best decisions, both within "Ro^ia Montana Project", as well as in other companies which are facing with a decisional environment shrouded by uncertainty.

The management of these key issues previously mentioned in an appropriate and performant manner contribute both in ensuring organizational perenniality, as well as the environment, community or patrimonial ones, especially if we refer to the mining project from Ro$ia Montana. I emphasize this because the decisional situations confronting companies generally and especially the mining ones in the conditions of the current competitive market and of the responsibility increasingly higher from stakeholders related to the quality of products/services offered in sustainability and "green productivity" conditions, are often shrouded in uncertainty and ambiguity. Moreover, in these circumstances, the decisional factors reasoning often tends to be a subjective one, which manifests itself through qualitative linguistic assessments, fact revealed by the abstract thinking itself of human being. In this context, the use of fuzzy methodology proposed in this material really proves its utility, even more so as its algorithm steps are implemented and compiled within an informatical software developed in Java programming language, in order to provide to decisional factors more reliable, pertinent and relevant results, in an accurate and timely manner.

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