Scholarly article on topic 'Communication and Humanization of University Education Through E-Learning'

Communication and Humanization of University Education Through E-Learning Academic research paper on "Economics and business"

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Abstract of research paper on Economics and business, author of scientific article — Adriana Csikosova, Katarina Teplicka, Andrea Senova

Abstract Aim of present universities is except of providing of expert education also development of harmonic personality and students training in the sense of democracy values, humanism and tolerance. E-learning communication can be dynamic and creative, but sometimes it can be also problematic due to the disability of man to properly interpret some of his exposal. European activities in the internationalization of education help to develop such necessary skill and abilities. E-learning education enables to provide broad knowing of the reality and it contributes at our education institutions to the forming of European identity of university student. Part of the contribution is also discussion about research results, orientated to the implementation of new methods of education in the frame of university education program at Technical University in Košice – Slovakia.

Academic research paper on topic "Communication and Humanization of University Education Through E-Learning"

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SciVerse ScienceDirect

Procedía - Social and Behavioral Sciences 46 (2012) 2978 - 2982

WCES 2012

Communication and humanization of university education through

e- learning

Adriana Csikosovaa *, Katarina Teplickab, Andrea Senova c

aTechnical University ofKosice, Faculty of mining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Management, Park

Komenského 19, 042 Ol Kosice, Slovakia bTechnical University ofKosice, Faculty of mining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Management, Park

Komenského 19, 042 Ol Kosice, Slovakia cTechnical University ofKosice, Faculty of mining, ecology, process control and geotechnologie, Department of Business and Managern ent, Park

Komenského 19, 042 Ol Kosice, Slovakia

Abstract

Aim of present universities is except of providing of expert education also development of harmonic personality and students training in the sense of democracy values, humanism and tolerance. E-learning communication can be dynamic and creative, but sometimes it can be also problematic due to the disability of man to properly interpret some of his exposal. European activities in the internationalization of education help to develop such necessary skill and abilities. E-learning education enables to provide broad knowing of the reality and it contributes at our education institutions to the forming of European identity of university student. Part of the contribution is also discussion about research results, orientated to the implementation of new methods of education in the frame of university education program at Technical University in Kosice - Slovakia.

© 2012 Published b y Elsevier Ltd. Se lection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu Keywords: Communication, e - learning education, students skills, research;

1. Introduction

Acquired way of communication that are obtained in human education during study at the technical universities, equip students for whole life with knowledge, information that are from general level from social and scientific view transit educated young people in real practice to the equivalent position with experts, which had study orientated to the humanity. Preparation of technically orientated young generation at the universities for running in the globalized world cannot exist without effective communication and access to every knowledge in theory and practice, including humanity education. To prepare qualitative educated inhabitants for the life in globalized world demands enrichment of education system for orientation in multicultural world and it puts emphasis to the cultivating of intercultural competencies through systematic change and integration of the problem to the basis of formal and informal education.

* Adriana Csikosova. Tel.: +421-55-602 2929 E-mail address: adriana.csikosova@tuke.sk

1877-0428 © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Selection and/or peer review under responsibility of Prof. Dr. Huseyin Uzunboylu doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.05.600

2. Need communication and humanization in the system of university education at the technical universities

It is obvious that due to the technologies development, communication tools and telecommunications, as well as due to the political changes in the world and globalization, we can observe, that in Europe there is minimizing of distances and gradual unifying of economical, legal and currency system (Tausova et al., 2011). This process reaches also to the education process. Except of traditional „universities" there are rising also further institutions, in which there are appearing „European" words - „open" or „international". According to Mistrik (2008), these tendencies lead necessary to the necessity of the universities to be open not only for the need of their students, but also to count with their international character and reality that young people want to study various branches at universities in various countries. At Slovakia there was for decades existing central model of creation and management of education content that naturally preferred mono cultural view to the world.

Engineers will need in the future more then technical skills (Agafonova, Melkusova, 2004, P.. 60-63). They must be prepared to work and negotiate in the international environment. In time of full globalization of the industry and business firms had become international organizations. Therefore they need specialists that could be equipped not only by professional knowledge, but also by other characteristics that are necessary for „proper working function" in the modern society. Today absolvent needs also other skills: he must have possibility and to know how to make contact easily, he must have abilities for negotiation, he must be able to work in the teams, to be flexible and easily adapting to the various conditions and to be prepared for negotiation at the international job market. Also fluency of communication in foreign languages is considered as similar important skill as knowledge from area of study branch. Education process must count also with development of public, social and cultural qualities.

According to Antosova (2010), humanity in the education programs at various universities is absenting, there is preferred more impetuosity and self assertion at any price and mainly decreased sensibility during solution of living situations, not real idea about the life that cause reduction of theoretical and practical preparation only to the area of money obtaining for the comfortable life. Education at the universities should continue in the profile of student's personality, to become important phenomena of humanity process of his personality development in continual and global view. Level of culture should be reflecting in the relation to the people, in cultivating of the environment and nature, in respecting and honor of human values, in rejecting of various forms of vulgarity, violence and primitive behavior.

Prepare universally capable graduates is probably not possible. In our opinion, should be training with the ability to adapt to and implement the changes of various kinds in order to continually meet customer satisfaction - in order words the success of any business is subject to its quality (Vkcikova, Sole, 2011).

Communication skills are considered as basis for every social and psychological skill that individual demands for ranking to the society. According psychologists basis of communication skills present inherited personality dispositions, intelligent abilities of the individual, mainly emotional intelligence that is generally viewed as complex ability, consisting from the combination of psychical characteristics of the personality, for example trust wordiness, decisiveness, openness, tolerance, adaptability, tact, diplomacy (Hall-Lindzey, 1999).

Basis of communication competencies, which every absolvent of university should have is for example ability to express himself verbally correctly, and adequately towards the aim, to discuss actively and by cultivated way, to formulate and defense his opinions and ideas comprehensibly, to read with understanding and to elaborate obtained information, to achieve language skills necessary for working applying as well as for the communication in the foreign environment, to have ability to use and develop expert terminology, etc.

Important element of the teacher activity is communication and human Access to the student as an unique personality, which is viewed as personality with positive and negative characteristics. Youth must be leaded to the tolerance towards others, to the acceptance and evaluation of other opinions. It is proved by science that between effectiveness of the didactical process and characters and forms of communication „teacher - students" there is existing close relation.

3. E - learning education part of the forming of European identity for university students

Idea of information and communication technologies - ICT in the practice means information sources, which are Internet, CD ROM applications, and various multimedia and hypermedia elements that are used during education and communication process. ICT permeated to the every structure of the company and to the life of the individual. Practice demands students and absolvent that would be able to educate them further and to work cooperatively in the working team. Society puts increased demands on the students and absolvent in area of quality for education technology. Therefore first of all it must be dealt with information and communication Technologies that uses new methods, forms and processes as well as new education tools that enable to accept, elaborate and provide broad spectrum of information (Hrehova, Cehlar, 2007, p. 71-72).

During communication and education students and teachers according to Muchova, Pavolova (2011) are using in present time except of personal dialogue more and more various internet applications. At the Technical University Kosice there is applied platform U Lern and system MOODLE that enable teachers to create very simply multimedia texts that content basic data about work author, key words, layouts for individual work, testing of study problems and feedback with evaluation, they enable to create study texts in various forms that could be presented also at the web sides. Advantage of dynamic e-learning support for the students is ability to study the problematic at the internet online at the discussion groups and to have access to the study materials, to know to prove their knowledge by the way of layouts, tests, or they can have available also case studies, or videos, animations from production process, presentation of lectures in MS Office PowerPoint, electronic books, etc.

Main reason why to use e-learning in area of communication and education is ability that increase by proper using effectiveness of the student as well as pedagogue's activity.

4. Results of the research orientated to the implementation of new methods of education in the frame of university education system at the TU Kosice

Researches, realized in the past prove that man's success in such employment that are more expert and technical, is only 15% influenced by theoretical and expert basis, knowledge, but 85% is art to communicate with people. When researchers in reputable laboratories would not know how to show their discovery for the public, such results would be forgotten in the laboratory conditions. Their contribution for the society would be zero. We register similar situation also in the school environment. Student during the examination is not successful, although he knows to describe study problems properly, since he is not able to present them properly and to explain it exactly to the teacher - tutor. Communication skills are becoming key factor, measure of success or not success of the individual. In preset time there is used actively at Technical University, resp. at its three faculty's e-learning communication during university education system, mainly at engineering level of study, where students yet have considerate skills about using of modern form of e-education.

Research had been done by Laboratory for transfer of managerial processes at Department of Business and Management, a tone from the TU faculties. Research had been realized during summer semester in academic year 2010/11.

From the realized research we can see interest of the students for such modern way also due to the fact that various students from Technical University are students also at other university at home or in abroad (economy, justice, etc.). By this way they have possibility to move more rapidly, to adapt in this environment (on-line study, discussion during the evenings with other participants of the courses, etc.). They describe their satisfaction to the factors that connect with teacher work. Most of all there are mentioned arguments from addressed respondents as follows:

• Pedagogue is actively interesting about his students individually or in the group in the frame of on-line discussion,

• Teacher - tutor creates free space for spontaneous expression of the opinion, asking, possibility to put also not logical, not formal questions,

• There is creating mutual correct relation based on the trust, mutual respecting between teacher and student,

• Teacher puts emphasis to the mutual knowing, creativity, team character of the group,

• Students can express their opinions freely, they do not have not pleasant feeling, connected with possible not understanding, or negative evaluation of critics,

• Using of not traditional education forms (experimental education, project and heuristics methods),

• Teacher directs atmosphere of security and emotional comfort, that leads consequently to the higher activity of the students, concentrated attention, support of internal motivation, personal seriousness, responsibility for process and results of presentation, discussion, module, course, etc.

• It links theoretical knowledge with real life (causality, discussion with expert from the practice by using of system SKYPE, ICQ, FACEBOOK etc.)

Other knowledge that mentioned respondents was how they see e-learning applying during the study. Students viewed and showed most of all following skills that have been observed during this form of study:

• - initiation - student is opening communication, suggesting processes, bringing new ideas,

• - informing - he is searching for information, he is informing others, on-line discussion,

• - explanation - he is explaining, helping others to understand the task, he deals with proper process during solving of case studies, proving, resp. disproving of steps accuracy,

• - resume - he ranks information, he structures them and synthesize them,

• - harmonization - he balances discordant opinions in the group, he decreases stress, overcomes differences, he is finding way for the compromise,

• - encouragement - he is supporting others, activating and strengthening them

• - willingness for the compromise - he changes his own opinions that group could process in further solution,

• - evaluation - he reflects to the own and group performance, accuracy of the solution.

From the mentioned connections we can come to the following partial conclusions:

In present time there is a qualitative change of character, forms and conditions for mutual relations between pedagogue and student at the university. It is connected with the fact that there is cardinal change of accesses to the education and training that is linked with gradual crowding out of the traditional model of education by education, in which main subject is not pedagogue, but student. In the university education there is qualitative and content orientation to the development of Professional competence of the absolvent that is able to solve rapidly and productively Professional tasks also through e-learning. Part of the school system modernization is increasing of education quality, creation of professional orientation of the conditions in the system for psychological and social development of the students, help during development of professional interests and professional maturity. Young people at the universities run through first period of becoming the professional that is influenced by psychological and pedagogical influencing between pedagogue and student, where student as well as pedagogue are becoming equal participants, partners of education relations. Such character of relations m the system „pedagogue - student" is anti pole of traditional relations, in which pedagogue gives knowledge and dominates over the student. University pedagogue gives knowledge, prepares professionals in certain area, he is in the mutual relation with the students, therefore and his communication competence is primary place in profesiogram for present university pedagogue. And also active using of e-learning form during education is becoming like this.

Students appreciate possibility to participate on the e-learning education and to study by this less traditional way. Last but not least they consider as contribution also possibility to know themselves as individuality in the collective discussions at on-line situations that could not be surviving during classical form of education.

Education process will be effective in case when teacher and student will observe in the frame of mutual communication accepted cultural norms, respect each other, accept culture and specification of given country. In this connection there is necessary to give more attention to the single education process and to the university, since during university study there is not only education of technical or social and scientific subjects, but also possibility to cultivate cognitive skills, education of cultivated man, active inhabitant that can properly orientate in the world, he can rank himself to the valuation process in the frame of working as well as other activities. Acquiring of working and cultural competences is reflecting also in the living style of these people that will prefer demanded norms and values in social interactions. In this case there is necessary to change education by certain way, since present education process has several shortages, meanwhile mainly education organization is obstacle, which is in opposition to the goal of education that means knowledge production in productive education process. One of the possibilities that is offering is active using of e-learning communication.

Acknowledgements

These Authors thank to the students and teachers of Technical University for providing of information necessary for the research.

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